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Deformation on Nearby Faults Induced by the 1999 Hector Mine Earthquake

Fialko, Yuri and Sandwell, David and Agnew, Duncan and Simons, Mark and Shearer, Peter and Minster, Bernard (2002) Deformation on Nearby Faults Induced by the 1999 Hector Mine Earthquake. Science, 297 (5588 ). pp. 1858-1862. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.1074671. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130627-142610175

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Abstract

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar observations of surface deformation due to the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake reveal motion on several nearby faults of the eastern California shear zone.We document both vertical and horizontal displacements of several millimeters to several centimeters across kilometerwide zones centered on pre-existing faults.Portions of some faults experienced retrograde (that is, opposite to their long-term geologic slip) motion during or shortly after the earthquake.The observed deformation likely represents elastic response of compliant fault zones to the permanent co-seismic stress changes. The induced fault displacements imply decreases in the effective shear modulus within the kilometer-wide fault zones, indicating that the latter are mechanically distinct from the ambient crustal rocks.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/297/5588/1858PublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1074671 DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Fialko, Yuri0000-0002-6161-8467
Simons, Mark0000-0003-1412-6395
Shearer, Peter0000-0002-2992-7630
Additional Information:© 2002 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received for publication 4 June 2002; Accepted for publication 12 August 2002. We thank J. Vidale, P. Segall, and anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful comments. This work was supported by the Southern California Earthquake Center and NSF. Original InSAR data are copyright of the European Space Agency, distributed by Eurimage, Italy, and acquired via the WInSAR Consortium. The ERS SAR imagery was processed using the Caltech/ JPL software package ROI_PAC.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5588
DOI:10.1126/science.1074671
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130627-142610175
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130627-142610175
Official Citation:Deformation on Nearby Faults Induced by the 1999 Hector Mine Earthquake Yuri Fialko, David Sandwell, Duncan Agnew, Mark Simons, Peter Shearer, and Bernard Minster Science 13 September 2002: 297 (5588), 1858-1862. [DOI:10.1126/science.1074671]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:39127
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: John Wade
Deposited On:27 Jun 2013 22:40
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:42

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