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The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 Spectroscopic M Dwarf Catalog III: The Spatial Dependence of Magnetic Activity in the Galaxy

Pineda, J. Sebastian and West, Andrew A. and Bochanski, John J. and Burgasser, Adam J. (2013) The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 Spectroscopic M Dwarf Catalog III: The Spatial Dependence of Magnetic Activity in the Galaxy. Astronomical Journal, 146 (3). Art. No. 50. ISSN 0004-6256. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130708-082109359

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Abstract

We analyze the magnetic activity of 59,318 M dwarfs from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7. This analysis explores the spatial distribution of M dwarf activity as a function of both vertical distance from the Galactic plane (Z) and planar distance from the Galactic center (R). We confirm the established trends of decreasing magnetic activity (as measured by Hα emission) with increasing distance from the mid-plane of the disk and find evidence for a trend in Galactocentric radius. We measure a non-zero radial gradient in the activity fraction in our analysis of stars with spectral types dM3 and dM4. The activity fraction increases with R and can be explained by a decreasing mean stellar age with increasing distance from the Galactic center.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.6330arXivDiscussion Paper
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/146/3/50DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/1538-3881/146/3/50/PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Pineda, J. Sebastian0000-0002-4489-0135
Burgasser, Adam J.0000-0002-6523-9536
Additional Information:© 2013 American Astronomical Society. Received 2012 October 18; accepted 2013 June 25; published 2013 July 30. J.S.P would like to thank the referee for strengthening the results of this work as well as Elisabeth R. Newton and Saurav Dhital for useful comments in the preparation of this work. J.S.P. acknowledges the Paul E. Gray fund in providing monetary support for the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program at MIT. J.S.P acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. (DGE-1144469). A.A.W acknowledges funding from NSF grant AST-1109273. AAW also acknowledges the support of the Research Corporation for Science Advancement’s Cottrell Scholarship Funding for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and SDSS-II has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, and the Max Planck Society, and the Higher Education Funding Council for England. The SDSS Web site is http://www.sdss.org/. The SDSS is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium (ARC) for the Participating Institutions. The Participating Institutions are the American Museum of Natural History, Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, University of Basel, University of Cambridge, Case Western Reserve University, The University of Chicago, Drexel University, Fermilab, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Japan Participation Group, The Johns Hopkins University, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, the Korean Scientist Group, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (LAMOST), Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), the Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics (MPA), New Mexico State University, Ohio State University, University of Pittsburgh, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the United States Naval Observatory, and the University of Washington.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Paul E. Gray Endowed Fund for Undergraduate Research OpportunitiesUNSPECIFIED
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipDGE-1144469
NSFAST-1109273
Cottrell Scholar of Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Galaxy: stellar content; Galaxy: structure; stars: activity; stars: late-type; stars: low-mass
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130708-082109359
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130708-082109359
Official Citation:The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 Spectroscopic M Dwarf Catalog. III. The Spatial Dependence of Magnetic Activity in the Galaxy J. Sebastian Pineda et al. 2013 The Astronomical Journal 146 50
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:39237
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Aug 2013 22:00
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 05:05

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