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Macroscopic quantum mechanics: theory and experimental concepts of optomechanics

Chen, Yanbei (2013) Macroscopic quantum mechanics: theory and experimental concepts of optomechanics. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 46 (10). Art. No. 104001. ISSN 0953-4075. doi:10.1088/0953-4075/46/10/104001.

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Rapid experimental progress has recently allowed the use of light to prepare macroscopic mechanical objects into nearly pure quantum states. This research field of quantum optomechanics opens new doors towards testing quantum mechanics, and possibly other laws of physics, in new regimes. In the first part of this article, I will review a set of techniques of quantum measurement theory that are often used to analyse quantum optomechanical systems. Some of these techniques were originally designed to analyse how a classical driving force passes through a quantum system, and can eventually be detected with an optimal signal-to-noise ratio—while others focus more on the quantum-state evolution of a mechanical object under continuous monitoring. In the second part of this article, I will review a set of experimental concepts that will demonstrate quantum mechanical behaviour of macroscopic objects—quantum entanglement, quantum teleportation and the quantum Zeno effect. Taking the interplay between gravity and quantum mechanics as an example, I will review a set of speculations on how quantum mechanics can be modified for macroscopic objects, and how these speculations—and their generalizations—might be tested by optomechanics.

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Chen, Yanbei0000-0002-9730-9463
Additional Information:© 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd. Received 12 November 2012, in final form 2 April 2013; Published 9 May 2013. The author would like to thank Professor Kip S Thorne for introducing him to research in quantum measurement theory; he would also like to thank members of the AEI Caltech-MIT-MSU macroscopic quantum mechanics group for discussions and collaborations over the past several years. For more recent discussions on testing quantum mechanics, he would like to thank Rana Adhikari, Markus Aspelmeyer, Thomas Corbitt, Stefan L Danilishin, Bassam Helou, Bei- Lok Hu, Poghos Kazarian, Farid Ya Khalili, Da-Shin Lee, Nergis Mavalvala, Haixing Miao, David McClelland, Igor Pikovski, Larry Price, Oriol Romero-Isart, Craig Savage, Nick Smith, Roman Schnabel, Kentaro Somiya, Kip Thorne, Mike Tobar, Sergey P Vyatchanin and Huan Yang. He acknowledges support from the Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS), which made possible some of the above discussions. The author’s research is supported by NSF grant PHY-1068881 and CAREER grant PHY-0956189, the David and Barbara Groce Startup Fund at Caltech, and the Institute of Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM), an NSF Physics Frontier Center with support from the Moore Foundation. The author’s research in this direction has also been supported in the past by NSF grants PHY-0653653 and PHY-0601659, as well as the Sofja Kovalevskaja Program of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (funded by the Ministry of Education of Germany).
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, Keck Institute for Space Studies
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Caltech David and Barbara Groce Startup FundUNSPECIFIED
Institute of Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
NSF Physics Frontiers CenterUNSPECIFIED
Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Sofja Kovalevskaja ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education of GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130708-113425696
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Official Citation:Macroscopic quantum mechanics: theory and experimental concepts of optomechanics Yanbei Chen 2013 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46 104001
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:39247
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:10 Jul 2013 17:47
Last Modified:12 Jul 2022 19:50

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