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Warm Spitzer Photometry of Three Hot Jupiters: HAT-P-3b, HAT-P-4b and HAT-P-12b

Todorov, Kamen O. and Deming, Drake and Knutson, Heather A. and Burrows, Adam and Fortney, Jonathan J. and Lewis, Nikole K. and Cowan, Nicolas B. and Agol, Eric and Desert, Jean-Michel and Sada, Pedro V. and Charbonneau, David and Laughlin, Gregory and Langton, Jonathan and Showman, Adam P. (2013) Warm Spitzer Photometry of Three Hot Jupiters: HAT-P-3b, HAT-P-4b and HAT-P-12b. Astrophysical Journal, 770 (2). Art. No. 102. ISSN 0004-637X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130724-141445119

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Abstract

We present Warm Spitzer/IRAC secondary eclipse time series photometry of three short-period transiting exoplanets, HAT-P-3b, HAT-P-4b and HAT-P-12b, in both the available 3.6 and 4.5 μm bands. HAT-P-3b and HAT-P-4b are Jupiter-mass objects orbiting an early K and an early G dwarf star, respectively. For HAT-P-3b we find eclipse depths of 0.112^(+0.015)_(-0.030) (3.6 μm) and 0.094^(+0.016)_(-0.009)(4.5 μm). The HAT-P-4b values are 0.142^(+0.014)_(-0.016)(3.6 μm) and 0.122^(+0.012)_(-0.014)(4.5 μm). The two planets' photometry is consistent with inefficient heat redistribution from their day to night sides (and low albedos), but it is inconclusive about possible temperature inversions in their atmospheres. HAT-P-12b is a Saturn-mass planet and is one of the coolest planets ever observed during secondary eclipse, along with the hot Neptune GJ 436b and the hot Saturn WASP-29b. We are able to place 3σ upper limits on the secondary eclipse depth of HAT-P-12b in both wavelengths: <0.042% (3.6 μm) and <0.085% (4.5 μm). We discuss these results in the context of the Spitzer secondary eclipse measurements of GJ 436b and WASP-29b. It is possible that we do not detect the eclipses of HAT-P-12b due to high eccentricity, but find that weak planetary emission in these wavelengths is a more likely explanation. We place 3σ upper limits on the |e cos ω| quantity (where e is eccentricity and ω is the argument of periapsis) for HAT-P-3b (<0.0081) and HAT-P-4b (<0.0042), based on the secondary eclipse timings.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/102DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/770/2/102PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.0833arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Todorov, Kamen O.0000-0002-9276-8118
Deming, Drake0000-0001-5727-4094
Knutson, Heather A.0000-0002-0822-3095
Burrows, Adam0000-0002-3099-5024
Fortney, Jonathan J.0000-0002-9843-4354
Lewis, Nikole K.0000-0002-8507-1304
Cowan, Nicolas B.0000-0001-6129-5699
Agol, Eric0000-0002-0802-9145
Desert, Jean-Michel0000-0002-0875-8401
Charbonneau, David0000-0002-9003-484X
Laughlin, Gregory0000-0002-3253-2621
Additional Information:© 2013 American Astronomical Society. Received 2013 March 11; accepted 2013 April 30; published 2013 May 30. We thank Jonathan Fraine for helpful discussions on “prayer bead” uncertainty estimation. This work is based on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech. The Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds is supported by the Pennsylvania State University, the Eberly College of Science, and the Pennsylvania Space Grant Consortium. We thank the anonymous referee for a careful review of this paper.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Pennsylvania State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Eberly College of ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Pennsylvania Space Grant ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:eclipses; planetary systems; techniques: photometric
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130724-141445119
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130724-141445119
Official Citation:Warm Spitzer Photometry of Three Hot Jupiters: HAT-P-3b, HAT-P-4b and HAT-P-12b Kamen O. Todorov, Drake Deming, Heather A. Knutson, Adam Burrows, Jonathan J. Fortney, Nikole K. Lewis, Nicolas B. Cowan, Eric Agol, Jean-Michel Desert, Pedro V. Sada, David Charbonneau, Gregory Laughlin, Jonathan Langton, and Adam P. Showman doi:10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/102
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:39562
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:24 Jul 2013 21:39
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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