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Face Adaptation Depends on Seeing the Face

Moradi, Farshad and Koch, Christof and Shimojo, Shinsuke (2005) Face Adaptation Depends on Seeing the Face. Neuron, 45 (1). pp. 169-175. ISSN 0896-6273. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2004.12.018.

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Retinal input that is suppressed from visual awareness can nevertheless produce measurable aftereffects, revealing neural processes that do not directly result in a conscious percept. We here report that the face identity-specific aftereffect requires a visible face; it is effectively cancelled by binocular suppression or by inattentional blindness of the inducing face. Conversely, the same suppression does not interfere with the orientation-specific aftereffect. Thus, the competition between incompatible or interfering visual inputs to reach awareness is resolved before those aspects of information that are exploited in face identification are processed. We also found that the face aftereffect remained intact when the visual distracters in the inattention experiment were replaced with auditory distracters. Thus, cross-modal or cognitive interference that does not affect the visibility of the face does not interfere with the face aftereffect. We conclude that adaptation to face identity depends on seeing the face.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription abstract
Koch, Christof0000-0001-6482-8067
Additional Information:Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Inc. Received 17 August 2004; Revised 29 October 2004; Accepted 3 December 2004; Available online 5 January 2005; Published: January 5, 2005. The face stimuli were provided by the Max-Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen, Germany. We wish to thank David Leopold for his comments on the manuscript and Gopal Sarma for assisting in the experiments. This research was supported in part by NIH, NSF, the Keck Foundation, and the Moore Foundation.
Group:Koch Laboratory (KLAB)
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Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130816-103216387
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Official Citation:Farshad Moradi, Christof Koch, Shinsuke Shimojo, Face Adaptation Depends on Seeing the Face, Neuron, Volume 45, Issue 1, 6 January 2005, Pages 169-175, ISSN 0896-6273, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:40478
Deposited By: KLAB Import
Deposited On:12 Jan 2008 00:49
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:49

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