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Voting Rights

Kousser, J. Morgan (2000) Voting Rights. In: Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. Vol.Supplement2. Macmillan Reference USA , New York. ISBN 0028648803 (set).

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The 1980s began inauspiciously for supporters of minority voting rights when a plurality of the Supreme Court ruled in City of Mobile v. Bolden (1980) that the Voting Rights Act prohibited only intentional discrimination. Yet two years later, civil rights forces, over Reagan Administration objections, amended the Act to make clear that it was meant to prohibit laws or practices that had either the intent or the effect of discriminating against people on the basis of race. The bipartisan consensus in favor of a strengthened Voting Rights Act, the explicit standards in the authoritative Senate report on the Act, and the attention and elan that the 1981- 82 struggle restored to voting rights carried the movement to successes through the rest of the 1980s. At-large elections like those at issue in Bolden were declared illegal in many areas in the South and some outside it.

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:Supplement II (New York: Macmillan, 2000). Set includes all of the material from the original four-volume set and 1992 Supplement, as well as updated original articles and new articles covering concepts and court cases since 1992.
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:41181
Deposited By: SWORD User
Deposited On:08 Oct 2013 23:31
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 05:46

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