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Nearby M, L, and T Dwarfs Discovered by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE)

Thompson, Maggie A. and Kirkpatrick, J. Davy and Mace, Gregory N. and Cushing, Michael C. and Gelino, Christopher R. and Griffith, Roger L. and Skrutskie, Michael F. and Eisenhardt, Peter R. M. and Wright, Edward L. and Marsh, Kenneth A. and Mix, Katholeen and Beichman, Charles A. and Faherty, Jacqueline K. and Toloza, Odette and Ferrara, Jocelyn and Apodaca, Brian and McLean, Ian S. and Bloom, Joshua S. (2013) Nearby M, L, and T Dwarfs Discovered by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 125 (929). pp. 809-837. ISSN 0004-6280.

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In our effort to complete the census of low-mass stars and brown dwarfs in the immediate solar neighborhood, we present spectra, photometry, proper motions, and distance estimates for 42 low-mass star and brown dwarf candidates discovered by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). We also present additional follow-up information on 12 candidates selected using WISE data but previously published elsewhere. The new discoveries include 15 M dwarfs, 17 L dwarfs, five T dwarfs, and five objects of other types. Among these discoveries is a newly identified “unusually red L dwarf” (WISE J223527.07 + 451140.9), four peculiar L dwarfs whose spectra are most readily explained as unresolved L + T binary systems, and a T9 dwarf (WISE J124309.61 + 844547.8). We also show that the recently discovered red L dwarf WISEP J004701.06 + 680352.1 may be a low-gravity object and hence young and potentially low-mass (< 25 M_(Jup)).

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Kirkpatrick, J. Davy0000-0003-4269-260X
Mace, Gregory N.0000-0001-7875-6391
Cushing, Michael C.0000-0001-7780-3352
Wright, Edward L.0000-0001-5058-1593
Marsh, Kenneth A.0000-0003-0107-7803
Beichman, Charles A.0000-0002-5627-5471
Faherty, Jacqueline K.0000-0001-6251-0573
Bloom, Joshua S.0000-0002-7777-216X
Additional Information:© 2013 Astronomical Society of the Pacific. Received 2013 April 07; accepted 2013 May 18; published 2013 July 1. We thank David Ciardi and Gerard van Belle for their help in acquiring the 2013 February 21 Keck/NIRSPEC observations, and we thank our anonymous referee for a timely and helpful report. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This publication also makes use of data products from 2MASS, SDSS, and DSS. 2MASS is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by NASA and the National Science Foundation. SDSS is funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, the Max Planck Society, and the Higher Education Funding Council for England. The DSS were produced at the Space Telescope Science Institute under U.S. Government grant NAG W-2166. The images of these surveys are based on photographic data obtained using the Oschin Schmidt Telescope on Palomar Mountain and the UK Schmidt Telescope. This work is based in part on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with NASA. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued to programs 70062 and 80109 by JPL/Caltech. This research has made use of the NASA/ IPAC Infrared Science Archive, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with NASA. This research has also benefitted from the M, L, and T dwarf compendium housed at; from the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France; and from NASA’s Astrophysics Data System. We acknowledge support from the Steward/Mount Bigelow staff for use of the 2MASS imager at the Bigelow 61 inch telescope. We acknowledge use of PAIRITEL, which is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) and was made possible by a grant from the Harvard University Milton Fund, the camera loaned from the University of Virginia, and the continued support of the SAO and UC Berkeley. The PAIRITEL project is supported by NASA Grant NNG06GH50G. This material is based on work supported by the National Science Foundation under Award No. AST-0847170, a PAARE Grant for the California-Arizona Minority Partnership for Astronomy Research and Education (CAMPARE). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Harvard University Milton FundUNSPECIFIED
Space Telescope Science InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Astrophysical Data
Issue or Number:929
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131001-125209715
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Nearby M, L, and T Dwarfs Discovered by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) Maggie A. Thompson, J. Davy Kirkpatrick, Gregory N. Mace, Michael C. Cushing, Christopher R. Gelino, Roger L. Griffith, Michael F. Skrutskie, Peter R. M. Eisenhardt, Edward L. Wright, Kenneth A. Marsh, Katholeen J. Mix, Charles A. Beichman, Jacqueline K. Faherty, Odette Toloza, Jocelyn Ferrara, Brian Apodaca, Ian S. McLean and Joshua S. Bloom Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific , Vol. 125, No. 929 (July 2013), pp. 809-837 Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Article DOI: 10.1086/671426 Article Stable URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:41593
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:01 Oct 2013 22:49
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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