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Measurement of neutral strange particle production in the underlying event in proton-proton collisions at √s=7  TeV

Chatrchyan, S. and Apresyan, A. and Bornheim, A. and Bunn, J. and Chen, Y. and Di Marco, E. and Duarte, J. and Kcira, D. and Ma, Y. and Mott, A. and Newman, H. B. and Rogan, C. and Spiropulu, M. and Timciuc, V. and Veverka, J. and Wilkinson, R. and Xie, S. and Yang, Y. and Zhu, R. Y. (2013) Measurement of neutral strange particle production in the underlying event in proton-proton collisions at √s=7  TeV. Physical Review D, 88 (5). Art. No. 052001. ISSN 0556-2821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20131011-133244534

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Abstract

Measurements are presented of the production of primary K^(0)_(S) and Λ particles in proton-proton collisions at √s=7  TeV in the region transverse to the leading charged-particle jet in each event. The average multiplicity and average scalar transverse momentum sum of K^(0)_(S) and Λ particles measured at pseudorapidities |η|<2 rise with increasing charged-particle jet pT in the range 1–10  GeV/c and saturate in the region 10–50  GeV/c. The rise and saturation of the strange-particle yields and transverse momentum sums in the underlying event are similar to those observed for inclusive charged particles, which confirms the impact-parameter picture of multiple parton interactions. The results are compared to recent tunes of the pythia Monte Carlo event generator. The pythia simulations underestimate the data by 15%–30% for K^(0)_(S) mesons and by about 50% for Λ baryons, a deficit similar to that observed for the inclusive strange-particle production in non-single-diffractive proton-proton collisions. The constant strange- to charged-particle activity ratios with respect to the leading jet p_T and similar trends for mesons and baryons indicate that the multiparton-interaction dynamics is decoupled from parton hadronization, which occurs at a later stage.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.052001DOIArticle
http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.052001PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2013 Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Received 26 May 2013; published 3 September 2013. We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research and the Austrian Science Fund; the Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique, and Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek; the Brazilian Funding Agencies (CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP); the Bulgarian Ministry of Education, Youth and Science; CERN; the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Science and Technology, and National Natural Science Foundation of China; the Colombian Funding Agency (COLCIENCIAS); the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sport; the Research Promotion Foundation, Cyprus; the Ministry of Education and Research, Recurrent financing Contract No. SF0690030s09 and European Regional Development Fund, Estonia; the Academy of Finland, Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture, and Helsinki Institute of Physics; the Institut National de Physique Nucle´aire et de Physique des Particules/CNRS, and Commissariat a` l’E´ nergie Atomique et aux E ´ nergies Alternatives/CEA, France; the Bundesministerium fu¨ r Bildung und Forschung, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren, Germany; the General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Greece; the National Scientific Research Foundation, and National Office for Research and Technology, Hungary; the Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology, India; the Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Iran; the Science Foundation, Ireland; the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy; the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and the World Class University program of NRF, Republic of Korea; the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences; the Mexican Funding Agencies (CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI); the Ministry of Science and Innovation, New Zealand; the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission; the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the National Science Centre, Poland; the Fundac¸a˜o para a Cieˆncia e a Tecnologia, Portugal; JINR (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan); the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the Federal Agency of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research; the Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Serbia; the Secretarı´a de Estado de Investigacio´n, Desarrollo e Innovacio´n and Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010, Spain; the Swiss Funding Agencies (ETH Board, ETH Zurich, PSI, SNF, UniZH, Canton Zurich, and SER); the National Science Council, Taipei; the Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics, the Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology of Thailand and the National Science and Technology Development Agency of Thailand; the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey, and Turkish Atomic Energy Authority; the Science and Technology Facilities Council, UK; and the US Department of Energy and National Science Foundation. Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie programme and the European Research Council and EPLANET (European Union); the Leventis Foundation; the A. P. Sloan Foundation; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office; the Fonds pour la Formation a` la Recherche dans l’Industrie et dans l’Agriculture (FRIA-Belgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie doorWetenschap enTechnologie (IWT-Belgium); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of Czech Republic; the Council of Science and Industrial Research, India; the Compagnia di San Paolo (Torino); the HOMING PLUS programme of Foundation for Polish Science, cofinanced by EU, Regional Development Fund; and the Thalis and Aristeia programmes cofinanced by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF.
Group:CMS@Caltech
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Austrian Science FundUNSPECIFIED
Belgian Fonds de la Recherche ScientifiqueUNSPECIFIED
Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk OnderzoekUNSPECIFIED
CNPq (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
CAPES (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
FAPERJ (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
FAPESP (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
Bulgarian Ministry of Education, Youth, and ScienceUNSPECIFIED
CERNUNSPECIFIED
Chinese Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technology UNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
COLCIENCIAS (Colombia)UNSPECIFIED
Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and SportUNSPECIFIED
Research Promotion Foundation, Cyprus UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and ResearchUNSPECIFIED
European Regional Development Fund, EstoniaUNSPECIFIED
Academy of FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Finnish Ministry of Education and CultureUNSPECIFIED
Helsinki Institute of PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules/CNRSUNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA) France UNSPECIFIED
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher ForschungszentrenUNSPECIFIED
General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Greece;UNSPECIFIED
National Scientific Research FoundationUNSPECIFIED
National Office for Research and Technology, HungaryUNSPECIFIED
Department of Atomic Energy, IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology, IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, IranUNSPECIFIED
Science Foundation, IrelandUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Korean Ministry of Education, Science and TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
World Class University program of NRF, Republic of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
Lithuanian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
CINVESTAV (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
CONACyT (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
SEP (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
UASLP-FAI (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Innovation, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Pakistan Atomic Energy CommissionUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Higher Education PolandUNSPECIFIED
National Science Centre, PolandUNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Portugal)UNSPECIFIED
JINR (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationUNSPECIFIED
Federal Agency of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation,UNSPECIFIED
Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technological Development of SerbiaUNSPECIFIED
Secretaría de Estado de Investigaciόn, Desarrollo e Innovaciόn and Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010UNSPECIFIED
Swiss Funding Agencies (ETH Board, ETH Zurich, PSI, SNF, UniZH, Canton Zurich, and SER)UNSPECIFIED
National Science Council, TaipeiUNSPECIFIED
Thailand Center of Excellence in PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology of ThailandUNSPECIFIED
National Science and Technology Development Agency of ThailandUNSPECIFIED
Scientific and Technical Research Council of TurkeyUNSPECIFIED
Turkish Atomic Energy AuthorityUNSPECIFIED
STFC (United Kingdom)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Marie-Curie programmeUNSPECIFIED
European Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
EPLANET (European Union)UNSPECIFIED
Leventis FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Belgian Federal Science Policy OfficeUNSPECIFIED
Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’índustrie et dans l’Ágriculture (FRIA-Belgium)UNSPECIFIED
Agentschap voor Innovatie doorWetenschap enTechnologie (IWT-Belgium)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Council of Science and Industrial Research, IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Compagnia di San Paolo (Torino)UNSPECIFIED
HOMING PLUS programme of Foundation for Polish ScienceUNSPECIFIED
EU-ESFUNSPECIFIED
Classification Code:PACS: 12.38.Aw, 13.85.Ni
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131011-133244534
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20131011-133244534
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:41901
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:15 Oct 2013 20:34
Last Modified:15 Oct 2013 20:34

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