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The isotopic composition and concentration of Ag in iron meteorites and the origin of exotic silver

Kaiser, T. and Wasserburg, G. J. (1983) The isotopic composition and concentration of Ag in iron meteorites and the origin of exotic silver. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 47 (1). pp. 43-58. ISSN 0016-7037. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(83)90089-3.

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The isotopic composition of Ag and the concentration of Ag and Pd have been determined in Canyon Diablo (IA), Grant (IIIB), Hoba, Santa Clara, Tlacotepec and Warburton Range (IVB), Piñon and Deep Springs (anom.). Troilite from Grant and Santa Clara have also been analyzed. All of these meteorites, with the exception of Canyon Diablo, give ^(107)Ag/^(109)Ag in the metal phase that is greater than the terrestrial value with the enrichments of ^(107)Ag ranging from ~2% to 212%. These data show that Ag of anomalous isotopic composition is common to all IVB and anomalous meteorites. The results on Grant suggest that the anomalies may be widespread including more common meteorite groups. There is a general correlation of ^(107)Ag/^(109)Ag with Pd/Ag except for the data from FeS of Santa Clara. It is concluded that the excess ^(107)Ag is the result of decay of ^(107)Pd, a nuclide that is extinct at present with an abundance of ^(107)Pd/^(108)Pd of about 3 × 10^(−5). The troilite in Grant exhibits normal ^(107)Ag/^(109)Ag to within errors, a high Ag concentration and a low ratio of ^(108Pd/^(109)Ag ~0.17. Grant metal has ^(107)Ag/^(109)Ag that is ~2% greater than normal and a high ratio of ^(108)Pd/^(109)Ag ~ 10^3. The data from Grant appear to represent a ^(107)Pd-^(107)Ag isochron and indicate that the cooling rate at elevated temperatures was sufficiently rapid to preserve substantial isotopic differences between metal and troilite. Troilite in Santa Clara was found to contain Ag with a very high ^(107)Ag/^(109)Ag ratio (108% above normal), an Ag concentration only a factor of three above the metal and a high value of ^(108Pd)/^(109)Ag ~1.3 × 10^4. The troilite has a higher ^(107)Ag/^(109)Ag than the metal. These data are not compatible with a simple model of in situ decay and subsequent local Ag redistribution between metal and troilite during cooling. These data suggest that Ag in Santa Clara and possibly other IVB meteorites is made up of almost pure ^(107)Ag produced from ^(107)Pd decay and ^(109)Ag produced by nuclear reactions with only a small amount of “normal” Ag. This indicates an intense energetic particle bombardment history in the early solar system (~10^(20) p/m^2) which occurred after the formation of small planetary bodies. We infer that a T-Tauri activity by the early sun contributed to some late stage “nucleosynthesis” and the heating of a dust cloud. In addition, implications on the early thermal evolution of iron meteorites are presented based on ^(107)Pd decay and models of the cooling history.

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Wasserburg, G. J.0000-0002-7957-8029
Additional Information:© 1983 Pergamon Press Ltd. Received June 15, 1982; accepted in revised form September 29, 1982. The authors are indebted to Professor C. Moore of the Arizona State University at Tempe, Dr. M. Prinz of the American Museum of Natural History in New York, and Dr. Roy S. Oarke of the Smithsonian Institution, U.S. National Museum, who kindly provided the meteorite samples. The authors are indebted to Dr. W. R. Kelly for the early years. This work was supported by NASA Grant NGL 05-002-188 and NSF Grant PHY 7923638A2. Division contribution 3671 (400).
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NASANGL 05-002-188
NSFPHY 7923638A2
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences3671
Lunatic Asylum Lab400
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Official Citation:T Kaiser, G.J Wasserburg, The isotopic composition and concentration of Ag in iron meteorites and the origin of exotic silver, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 47, Issue 1, January 1983, Pages 43-58, ISSN 0016-7037, (
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ID Code:42106
Deposited On:29 Oct 2013 16:26
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 16:17

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