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Spectroscopic Confirmation of the Rich z=1.80 Galaxy Cluster JKCS 041 Using the WFC3 Grism: Environmental Trends in the Ages and Structure of Quiescent Galaxies

Newman, Andrew B. and Ellis, Richard S. and Andreon, Stefano and Treu, Tommaso and Raichoor, Anand and Trinchieri, Ginevra (2013) Spectroscopic Confirmation of the Rich z=1.80 Galaxy Cluster JKCS 041 Using the WFC3 Grism: Environmental Trends in the Ages and Structure of Quiescent Galaxies. . (Submitted)

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We present Hubble Space Telescope imaging and grism spectroscopy of the distant galaxy cluster JKCS041. Our survey yields 98 redshifts whose precision is typically ~20 times better than photometric estimates. We confirm that JKCS041 is a rich cluster and derive a redshift z=1.80 via the identification of 19 member galaxies, of which 15 are quiescent. These members are spatially aligned with diffuse X-ray emission seen by Chandra. As JKCS041 is the most distant known cluster with such a large and spectroscopically-confirmed quiescent population, it provides an unique opportunity to study the effect of the environment on galaxy properties at early epochs. We construct composite spectra of the quiescent members that clearly reveal Balmer and metallic absorption lines. From these, we infer that the more massive members (M_*>10^(11)M_☉) have a mean stellar age of 1.4^(+0.3)_(-0.2) Gyr, whereas lower-mass examples (M_*=10^(10.5-11)M_☉) have a younger mean age of 0.9^(+0.2)_(-0.1) Gyr. These ages agree closely with those inferred by Whitaker et al. for similarly-selected quiescent field galaxies, supporting the idea that the cluster environment is more efficient at truncating star formation while not having a strong effect on the mean epoch of quenching. In contrast to field samples, there is no sign of low-level Hβ or [O III] emission in our composite spectra. By comparing the ellipticity distribution of the quiescent members to coeval field galaxies drawn from the CANDELS survey, we find some evidence (90% confidence) for a lower fraction of disk-like quiescent systems in JKCS041. Taking this into account, we do not detect a significant difference between the mass-radius relations of the quiescent JKCS041 members and our z~1.8 field sample. We review claims of environmentally-dependent size growth of z>1 quiescent galaxies, and we demonstrate how differences in morphological mixtures may complicate comparisons of sizes in different environments.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Newman, Andrew B.0000-0001-7769-8660
Ellis, Richard S.0000-0001-7782-7071
Treu, Tommaso0000-0002-8460-0390
Additional Information:The authors acknowledge insightful conversations with Marc Huertas-Company and Sirio Belli. We also thank Kate Whitaker, Alessandro Rettura, Andrew Zirm, and Casey Papovich for sharing their data in an electronic format, as well as Nor Pirzkal and Beth Perriello for their assistance in planning and executing the HST observations. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with program number GO-12927, which was supported under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. A.R. acknowledges financial contribution from the agreement ASI-INAF I/009/10/0 and from Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera. Based on observations obtained with MegaPrime/MegaCam, a joint project of CFHT and CEA/IRFU, at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Science de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. This work is based in part on data products produced at Terapix available at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the Canada-France- Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and CNRS.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 5-26555
Osservatorio Astronomico di BreraUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: clusters: individual (JKCS 041), galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: high-redshift
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131112-084352362
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:42368
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:12 Nov 2013 18:02
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 05:57

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