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Osmium isotopes in hydrothermal fluids from the Juan de Fuca Ridge

Sharma, M. and Wasserburg, G. J. and Hofmann, A. W. and Butterfield, D. A. (2000) Osmium isotopes in hydrothermal fluids from the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 179 (1). pp. 139-152. ISSN 0012-821X. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(00)00099-6.

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We present Os data for axial high-temperature and off-axial low-temperature hydrothermal solutions from the Juan de Fuca Ridge. The high-temperature, H₂S-bearing axial fluids have unradiogenic Os isotopes pointing to a nearly complete domination of osmium isotopes from the basalts during hydrothermal circulation. The ridge axis fluids typically do not show large enrichment in osmium concentration over seawater although one high-temperature fluid has an Os concentration enhanced by a factor of 4 above seawater. It appears that the Os concentration of high-temperature hydrothermal fluids is typically buffered at roughly the seawater concentration. We suggest that subseafloor precipitation of pyrite from the high-temperature hydrothermal fluids controls the osmium transportation. The axial hydrothermal activity does not supply significant amounts of unradiogenic osmium to the deep oceans. In contrast, a low-temperature off-axis fluid is enriched in non-radiogenic osmium over seawater by a factor of 9, showing much less precipitation of osmium at low temperature. Because a large fraction of the cooling of oceanic lithosphere occurs on ridge flanks, Os from low-temperature, ridge-flank hydrothermal circulation may be a significant contributor to the balance of Os in the oceans. A detailed balance between Os contributions from dissolution of cosmic dust and hydrothermal fluids is still not possible. The low-temperature hydrothermal sample gives ¹⁸⁷Os/¹⁸⁸Os = 0.110 ± 0.001. This extremely unradiogenic osmium can only come from a source that underwent depletion of Re over 2.6 Ga ago. Assuming no contamination during sample collection, this result suggests that the convecting upper mantle contains ancient depleted material that imparted unradiogenic osmium to intruding basaltic melts.

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Wasserburg, G. J.0000-0002-7957-8029
Additional Information:© 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Received 22 October 1999; received in revised form 14 March 2000; accepted 18 March 2000 Funding for this work was provided by a Max-Planck Postdoctoral Fellowship to M.S. He thanks G. Bru«gmann for extensive discussions. M. Roy-Barman collected the sample from Central Pacific with the help of the personnel at Laboratory of Microbiological Oceanography, Hawaii. Vent fluid sample collection was supported by the US National Science Foundation, theNOAA National Undersea Research Program, and the NOAA VENTS Program. We appreciate the opportunity provided by Jim Cowen and Paul Johnson to collect samples from 1026B. We would also like to thank G. Ravizza and M. Roy-Barman for their intense and insightful reviews. Work supported by DOE grant DEFG03-88ER13851. Contribution numbers: Caltech 8610 (1031), PMEL 2103, and JISAO 691.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Max-Planck Postdoctoral FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
DOEDEFG03- 88ER13851
Subject Keywords:osmium; Juan de Fuca Ridge; hydrothermal conditions; isotope ratios
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ID Code:42413
Deposited By: David McCaslin
Deposited On:14 Nov 2013 22:42
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 16:22

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