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Anode-supported thin-film fuel cells operated in a single chamber configuration 2T-I-12

Shao, Zongping and Kwak, Chan and Haile, Sossina M. (2004) Anode-supported thin-film fuel cells operated in a single chamber configuration 2T-I-12. Solid State Ionics, 175 (1). pp. 39-46. ISSN 0167-2738. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20131114-152010882

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Abstract

The performance characteristics of anode-supported, thin-film, single chamber fuel cells (SCFCs) have been investigated. Cells, in which Ni+Sm_(0.15)Ce_(0.85)O_2 (Samaria doped ceria, SDC) served as the anode and SDC as the electrolyte, were fabricated by dry pressing. High quality, bilayer structures with electrolyte thicknesses as small as 10 μm were prepared with excellent reproducibility. The cathode, 70 wt.% Sm_(0.5)Sr_(0.5)CoO_3 + 30% SDC, was deposited by a spray method. The cells were operated in a dilute propane+oxygen mixture. The influence of environmental temperature, gas composition and flow rate on the fuel cell performance were investigated. At low temperatures, fuel cell power output was limited primarily by poor catalytic activity at the anode whereas at high temperatures it was limited primarily by high catalytic activity of the cathode towards propane oxidation. Thus, intermediate temperatures are optimal for maximizing power densities. An increase in fuel flow rate led to an increase of the fuel cell temperature due to exothermal partial oxidation on the anode, producing a complex response in fuel cell power output. Under optimized gas compositions and flow conditions, a peak power density of ∼210 mW/cm^2 was obtained.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2004.09.018DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016727380400548XPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Haile, Sossina M.0000-0002-5293-6252
Additional Information:Copyright © 2004 Elsevier B.V. Revised 10 May 2004. Available online 10 November 2004. Dr. Ma Chi kindly assisted with electron microscopy. This work was funded by DARPA, Microsystems Technology Office. Additional support was provided by the National Science Foundation, Division of Materials Research, through its support of the Caltech Center for the Science and Engineering of Materials.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Single chamber fuel cell (SCFC); Samaria doped ceria (SDC); Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (SSC); Anode-supported fuel cell
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131114-152010882
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20131114-152010882
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:42475
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jonathan Gross
Deposited On:15 Nov 2013 00:27
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 05:58

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