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Phase behavior and superprotonic conductivity in the Cs_(1-x)Rb_xH_2PO_4 and Cs_(1-x)K_xH_2PO_4 systems

Ikeda, Ayako and Kitchaev, Daniil A. and Haile, Sossina M. (2014) Phase behavior and superprotonic conductivity in the Cs_(1-x)Rb_xH_2PO_4 and Cs_(1-x)K_xH_2PO_4 systems. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2 (1). pp. 204-214. ISSN 2050-7488.

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The solid acid compound CsH_2PO_4 (CDP) adopts a cubic structure of high conductivity above 228 °C, rendering it attractive as a fuel cell electrolyte for intermediate temperature operation. This superprotonic phase is stable from the phase transition temperature, T_s, to the dehydration temperature, T_d, where the latter depends on water vapor pressure (e.g. T_d = 290 °C at p_(H_2O) = 0.8 atm). In this work we examine the possibility of modifying these temperatures and thereby, amongst other characteristics, fuel cell operating conditions by introduction of Rb and K as substituents for Cs in CDP. The phase behavior of the Cs_(1−x)Rb_xH_2PO_4 and Cs_(1−x)K_xH_2PO_4 pseudo-binary systems are determined by in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal analysis. It is found that RbH_2PO_4 (RDP) and CDP are entirely miscible both below and above the transition to the cubic phase. With increasing Rb concentration, T_s increases and T_d decreases. In contrast, K has limited solubility in CDP, with a 27 at.% solubility limit in the cubic phase, and both T_s and T_d decrease with K content. The eutectoid temperature in the Cs_(1−x)K_xH_2PO_4 system is 208 ± 2 °C and the K solubility decreases sharply below this temperature. In both systems, conductivity decreases monotonically with increasing substituent concentration. Furthermore, even after normalization for cation size, the impact of K is greater than that of Rb, suggesting local disruptions to the proton migration pathway, beyond global changes in unit cell volume. Although this investigation shows unmodified CDP to remain the optimal fuel cell electrolyte material, the study provides a possible framework for elucidating proton transport mechanisms in superprotonic conductors.

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Haile, Sossina M.0000-0002-5293-6252
Additional Information:© 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Received 27th September 2013; Accepted 8th November 2013. First published online 08 Nov 2013. The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from U.S. National Science Foundation, Division of Materials Research (DMR-0906543) and the Army Research Office MURI Program (W911NF-07-1-0410).
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Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF-07-1-0410
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131202-142301624
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:42778
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Dec 2013 22:34
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 06:01

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