Wheatley, V. and Pullin, D. I. and Samtaney, R. (2005) Regular shock refraction at an oblique planar density interface in magnetohydrodynamics. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 522 . pp. 179214. ISSN 00221120. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WHEjfm05

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Abstract
We consider the problem of regular refraction (where regular implies all waves meet at a single point) of a shock at an oblique planar contact discontinuity separating conducting fluids of different densities in the presence of a magnetic field aligned with the incident shock velocity. Planar ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations indicate that the presence of a magnetic field inhibits the deposition of vorticity on the shocked contact. We show that the shock refraction process produces a system of five to seven plane waves that may include fast, intermediate, and slow MHD shocks, slow compound waves, 180◦ rotational discontinuities, and slowmode expansion fans that intersect at a point. In all solutions, the shocked contact is vorticity free and hence stable. These solutions are not unique, but differ in the types of waves that participate. The set of equations governing the structure of these multiplewave solutions is obtained in which fluid property variation is allowed only in the azimuthal direction about the waveintersection point. Corresponding solutions are referred to as either quintuplepoints, sextuplepoints, or septuplepoints, depending on the number of participating waves. A numerical method of solution is described and examples are compared to the results of numerical simulations for moderate magnetic field strengths. The limit of vanishing magnetic field at fixed permeability and pressure is studied for two solution types. The relevant solutions correspond to the hydrodynamic triplepoint with the shocked contact replaced by a singular structure consisting of a wedge, whose angle scales with the applied field magnitude, bounded by either two slow compound waves or two 180◦ rotational discontinuities, each followed by a slowmode expansion fan. These bracket the MHD contact which itself cannot support a tangential velocity jump in the presence of a nonparallel magnetic field. The magnetic field within the singular wedge is finite and the shockinduced change in tangential velocity across the wedge is supported by the expansion fans that form part of the compound waves or follow the rotational discontinuities. To verify these findings, an approximate leadingorder asymptotic solution appropriate for both flow structures was computed. The full and asymptotic solutions are compared quantitatively.
Item Type:  Article  

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Additional Information:  Copyright © 2005 Cambridge University Press. Reprinted with permission. Received 10 November 2003 and in revised form 2 July 2004. The authors wish to thank Professor S.A.E.G. Falle of the University of Leeds for his useful comments and suggestions. V.W. and D.I.P. are supported by the Academic Strategic Alliances Program of the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative (ASCI/ASAP) under subcontract no. B341492 of DOE contract W7405ENG48. R.S. is supported under the DOE SciDAC program (USDOE contract 208 no. DEAC02076CH03073). This research used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, which is supported by the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under contract no. DEAC0376SF00098.  
Group:  GALCIT  
Subject Keywords:  MHD INTERMEDIATE SHOCKS; IDEAL MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; RIEMANN PROBLEMS; MAGNETICFIELD; WAVES; RECONNECTION; STABILITY; MODEL  
Record Number:  CaltechAUTHORS:WHEjfm05  
Persistent URL:  http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WHEjfm05  
Alternative URL:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112004001880  
Usage Policy:  No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.  
ID Code:  4285  
Collection:  CaltechAUTHORS  
Deposited By:  Lindsay Cleary  
Deposited On:  17 Aug 2006  
Last Modified:  02 Feb 2018 21:58 
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