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A statistical analysis of circumstellar material in Type Ia supernovae

Maguire, K. and Nugent, P. E. and Laher, R. R. (2013) A statistical analysis of circumstellar material in Type Ia supernovae. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 436 (1). pp. 222-240. ISSN 0035-8711.

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A key tracer of the elusive progenitor systems of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) is the detection of narrow blueshifted time-varying Na i D absorption lines, interpreted as evidence of circumstellar material surrounding the progenitor system. The origin of this material is controversial, but the simplest explanation is that it results from previous mass-loss in a system containing a white dwarf and a non-degenerate companion star. We present new single-epoch intermediate-resolution spectra of 17 low-redshift SNe Ia taken with XShooter on the European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope. Combining this sample with events from the literature, we confirm an excess (∼20 per cent) of SNe Ia displaying blueshifted narrow Na i D absorption features compared to redshifted Na i D features. The host galaxies of SNe Ia displaying blueshifted absorption profiles are skewed towards later-type galaxies, compared to SNe Ia that show no Na i D absorption and SNe Ia displaying blueshifted narrow Na i D absorption features have broader light curves. The strength of the Na i D absorption is stronger in SNe Ia displaying blueshifted Na i D absorption features than those without blueshifted features, and the strength of the blueshifted Na i D is correlated with the B − V colour of the SN at maximum light. This strongly suggests the absorbing material is local to the SN. In the context of the progenitor systems of SNe Ia, we discuss the significance of these findings and other recent observational evidence on the nature of SN Ia progenitors. We present a summary that suggests that there are at least two distinct populations of normal, cosmologically useful SNe Ia.

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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Maguire, K.0000-0002-9770-3508
Nugent, P. E.0000-0002-3389-0586
Laher, R. R.0000-0003-2451-5482
Additional Information:© 2013 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2013 August 16. Received 2013 August 15; in original form 2013 July 12. First published online: September 26, 2013. MS acknowledges support from the Royal Society. Research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007- 2013)/ERC Grant agreement no [291222] (PI: Smartt). AG is supported by the EU/FP7 via an ERC grant, and by Minerva/ARCHES and Kimmel awards. SH is supported by a Minerva/ARCHES award. GL is supported by the Swedish Research Council through grant No. 623-2011-7117. Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern hemisphere, Chile, as part of PESSTO (the Public ESO Spectroscopic Survey for Transient Objects Survey) ESO programme ID 188.D-3003, as well as observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID 090.D-0828(A) and 089.D-0647(A). Based on observations (GS-2012B-Q-86) obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil) and Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovaciόn Productiva (Argentina). Based in part on data from the 1.3 m telescope operated by the SMARTS consortium. The Liverpool Telescope is operated on the island of La Palma by Liverpool John Moores University in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias with financial support from the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council. Observations were obtained with the Samuel Oschin Telescope at the Palomar Observatory as part of the Palomar Transient factory project, a scientific collaboration between the California Institute of Technology, Columbia Unversity, La Cumbres Observatory, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, the University of Oxford and the Weizmann Institute of Science. The William Herschel Telescope is operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. This paper uses observations obtained with facilities of the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope. This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Funding for the SDSS and SDSS-II has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, the Max Planck Society and the Higher Education Funding Council for England. The SDSS Web Site is The SDSS is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions. The Participating Institutions are the American Museum of Natural History, Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, University of Basel, University of Cambridge, Case Western Reserve University, University of Chicago, Drexel University, Fermilab, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Japan Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, the Korean Scientist Group, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (LAMOST), Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), the Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics (MPA), New Mexico State University, Ohio State University, University of Pittsburgh, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the United States Naval Observatory and the University of Washington.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), Palomar Transient Factory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
European Research Council (ERC)291222
Swedish Research Council623-2011-7117
Subject Keywords:circumstellar, matter supernovae: general, distance scale
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131209-141742638
Persistent URL:
Official Citation: K. Maguire, M. Sullivan, F. Patat, A. Gal-Yam, I. M. Hook, S. Dhawan, D. A. Howell, P. Mazzali, P. E. Nugent, Y.-C. Pan, P. Podsiadlowski, J. D. Simon, A. Sternberg, S. Valenti, C. Baltay, D. Bersier, N. Blagorodnova, T.-W. Chen, N. Ellman, U. Feindt, F. Förster, M. Fraser, S. González-Gaitán, M. L. Graham, C. Gutiérrez, S. Hachinger, E. Hadjiyska, C. Inserra, C. Knapic, R. R. Laher, G. Leloudas, S. Margheim, R. McKinnon, M. Molinaro, N. Morrell, E. O. Ofek, D. Rabinowitz, A. Rest, D. Sand, R. Smareglia, S. J. Smartt, F. Taddia, E. S. Walker, N. A. Walton, and D. R. Young A statistical analysis of circumstellar material in Type Ia supernovae MNRAS (November 21, 2013) Vol. 436 222-240 first published online September 26, 2013 doi:10.1093/mnras/stt1586
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:42910
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:10 Dec 2013 15:53
Last Modified:22 Nov 2019 05:16

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