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Cool Bottom Processes on the Thermally Pulsing Asymptotic Giant Branch and the Isotopic Composition of Circumstellar Dust Grains

Nollett, Kenneth M. and Busso, M. and Wasserburg, G. J. (2003) Cool Bottom Processes on the Thermally Pulsing Asymptotic Giant Branch and the Isotopic Composition of Circumstellar Dust Grains. Astrophysical Journal, 582 (2). pp. 1036-1058. ISSN 0004-637X.

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We examine the effects of cool bottom processing (CBP) on the isotopic ratios ^(18)O/^(16)O, ^(17)O/^(16)O, ^(14)N/^(15)N, ^(26)Al/^(27)Al, C/O, and N/O in the convective envelope during the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch (TP-AGB) phase of evolution in a 1.5 M_☉ initial mass star of solar initial composition. We use a parametric model that treats extra mixing by introducing mass flow between the convective envelope and the underlying radiative zone. The parameters of this model are the mass circulation rate (Ṁ) and the maximum temperature (TP) experienced by the circulating material. The effects of nuclear reactions in the flowing matter were calculated using a set of static structures of the radiative zone selected from particular times in a complete stellar evolution calculation. The compositions of the flowing material were obtained, and the resulting changes in the envelope determined. No major shifts in the star's energy budget occur from the imposed CBP if log TP < 7.73. Using structures from several times on the TP-AGB, it was found that the results for all species except ^(26)Al were essentially independent of the time chosen if log TP > 7.6. Abundant ^(26)Al was produced by CBP for log TP > 7.65. While ^(26)Al/^(27)Al depends on TP, the other isotopic ratios depend dominantly on the circulation rate. The relationship is shown between models of CBP as parameterized by a diffusion formalism within the stellar evolution model and those using the mass-flow formalism employed here. They are shown to be effectively equivalent. In general, the CBP treatment readily permits calculation of envelope compositions as affected by different degrees of extra mixing, based on stellar structures computed by normal stellar evolution models. Using these results, the isotopic ratios under conditions of C/O < 1 and C/O > 1 are compared with the data on circumstellar dust grains. It is found that the ^(18)O/^(16)O, ^(17)O/^(16)O, and ^(26)Al/^(27)Al observed for oxide grains formed at C/O < 1 are reasonably well understood. However, the ^(15)N/^(14)N, ^(12)C/^(13)C, and ^(26)Al/^(27)Al in carbide grains (C/O > 1) require that many of their stellar sources must have had ^(14)N/^(15)N at least a factor of 4 lower than the solar value. This allows a self-consistent description of all these isotopes in most SiC grains. The rare grains with ^(12)C/^(13)C < 10 cannot be produced by any red giant or AGB source, nor are they reconcilable with novae sources.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Wasserburg, G. J.0000-0002-7957-8029
Alternate Title:Cool bottom processes on the thermally-pulsing AGB and the isotopic composition of circumstellar dust grains
Additional Information:© 2003 American Astronomical Society. Received 2002 January 21; accepted 2002 September 20. We gratefully acknowledge the use of the FRANEC code, granted by O. Straniero, A. Chieffi, and M. Limongi, as well as extensive comments and suggestions from J. Lattanzio and an anonymous referee. Some incisive comments by R. Gallino were valuable and helpful.M. B. wishes to thank The Lunatic Asylum and Caltech for hospitality. This work was supported by NASA grant NAG5-11725 and by Italian MURST contract Cofin2000. This work is Caltech division contribution 8769(1080).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
MURST (Italy)Cofin2000
Subject Keywords: Galaxy: abundances; meteors, meteoroids; nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances; solar system: formation; stars: abundances; stars: AGB and post-AGB
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences8769
Lunatic Asylum Lab1080
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20131211-123549723
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Official Citation: Cool Bottom Processes on the Thermally Pulsing Asymptotic Giant Branch and the Isotopic Composition of Circumstellar Dust Grains Kenneth M. Nollett et al. 2003 ApJ 582 1036
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:42958
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:11 Dec 2013 21:21
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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