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Detector description and performance for the first coincidence observations between LIGO and GEO

Abbott, B. and Ageev, A. and Anderson, S. B. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Asiri, F. and Barish, B. C. and Barnes, M. and Barton, M. A. and Bhawal, B. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, K. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Busby, D. and Cardenas, L. and Chandler, A. and Chapsky, J. and Charlton, P. and Coyne, D. and Creighton, T. D. and D'Ambrosio, E. and DeSalvo, R. and Ding, H. and Edlund, J. and Ehrens, P. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Farnham, D. and Fine, M. and Gillespie, A. and Grimmett, D. and Hartunian, A. and Heefner, J. and Hoang, P. and Hrynevych, M. and Ivanov, A. and Jones, L. and Jungwirth, D. and Kells, W. and King, C. and King, P. and Kozak, D. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Libbrecht, K. and Lindquist, P. and Liu, S. and Logan, J. and Lyons, T. T. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Majid, W. and Mann, F. and Márka, S. and Maros, E. and Mason, J. and Meshkov, S. and Miyakawa, O. and Miyoki, S. and Mours, B. and Nocera, F. and Ouimette, D. and Pedraza, M. and Rao, S. R. and Redding, D. and Regehr, M. W. and Reilly, K. T. and Reithmaier, K. and Robison, L. and Romie, J. and Rose, D. and Russell, P. and Salzman, I. and Sanders, G. H. and Sannibale, V. and Schmidt, V. and Sears, B. and Seel, S. and Shawhan, P. and Sievers, L. and Smith, M. R. and Spero, R. and Sumner, M. C. and Sylvestre, J. and Takamori, A. and Tariq, H. and Taylor, R. and Tilav, S. and Torrie, C. and Tyler, W. and Vass, S. and Wallace, L. and Ware, B. and Webber, D. and Weinstein, A. J. and Wen, L. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Willems, P. A. and Wilson, A. and Yamamoto, H. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. and Buonanno, A. and Chen, Y. and Thorne, K. S. and Vallisneri, M. and Drever, R. W. P. and Tinto, M. and Williams, R. (2004) Detector description and performance for the first coincidence observations between LIGO and GEO. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 517 (1-3). pp. 154-179. ISSN 0168-9002.

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For 17 days in August and September 2002, the LIGO and GEO interferometer gravitational wave detectors were operated in coincidence to produce their first data for scientific analysis. Although the detectors were still far from their design sensitivity levels, the data can be used to place better upper limits on the flux of gravitational waves incident on the earth than previous direct measurements. This paper describes the instruments and the data in some detail, as a companion to analysis papers based on the first data.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Libbrecht, K.0000-0002-8744-3298
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Williams, R.0000-0002-9145-8580
Additional Information:© 2003 Elsevier B.V. Received 30 September 2003. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society and the State of Niedersachsen/ Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of their research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. This paper has been assigned LIGO Laboratory document number LIGO-P030024.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia (MCYT)UNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords: LIGO; Gravitational wave; Interferometer; Observatory
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentLIGO-P030024
Classification Code:PACS: 04.89.Nn; 07.60.Ly; 95.45.+i; 95.55.Ym
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140109-094808747
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:B. Abbott, R. Abbott, R. Adhikari, A. Ageev, B. Allen, R. Amin, S.B. Anderson, W.G. Anderson, M. Araya, H. Armandula, F. Asiri, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, R. Balasubramanian, S. Ballmer, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, C. Barker-Patton, M. Barnes, B. Barr, M.A. Barton, K. Bayer, R. Beausoleil, K. Belczynski, R. Bennett, S.J. Berukoff, J. Betzwieser, B. Bhawal, I.A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, E. Black, K. Blackburn, B. Bland-Weaver, B. Bochner, L. Bogue, R. Bork, S. Bose, P.R. Brady, V.B. Braginsky, J.E. Brau, D.A. Brown, S. Brozek, A. Bullington, A. Buonanno, R. Burgess, D. Busby, W.E. Butler, R.L. Byer, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J.B. Camp, C.A. Cantley, L. Cardenas, K. Carter, M.M. Casey, J. Castiglione, A. Chandler, J. Chapsky, P. Charlton, S. Chatterji, Y. Chen, V. Chickarmane, D. Chin, N. Christensen, D. Churches, C. Colacino, R. Coldwell, M. Coles, D. Cook, T. Corbitt, D. Coyne, J.D.E. Creighton, T.D. Creighton, D.R.M. Crooks, P. Csatorday, B.J. Cusack, C. Cutler, E. D'Ambrosio, K. Danzmann, R. Davies, E. Daw, D. DeBra, T. Delker, R. DeSalvo, S. Dhurandar, M. Dı́az, H. Ding, R.W.P. Drever, R.J. Dupuis, C. Ebeling, J. Edlund, P. Ehrens, E.J. Elliffe, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, C. Fallnich, D. Farnham, M.M. Fejer, M. Fine, L.S. Finn, É. Flanagan, A. Freise, R. Frey, P. Fritschel, V. Frolov, M. Fyffe, K.S. Ganezer, J.A. Giaime, A. Gillespie, K. Goda, G. González, S. Goßler, P. Grandclément, A. Grant, C. Gray, A.M. Gretarsson, D. Grimmett, H. Grote, S. Grunewald, M. Guenther, E. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, W.O. Hamilton, M. Hammond, J. Hanson, C. Hardham, G. Harry, A. Hartunian, J. Heefner, Y. Hefetz, G. Heinzel, I.S. Heng, M. Hennessy, N. Hepler, A. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M. Hewitson, N. Hindman, P. Hoang, J. Hough, M. Hrynevych, W. Hua, R. Ingley, M. Ito, Y. Itoh, A. Ivanov, O. Jennrich, W.W. Johnson, W. Johnston, L. Jones, D. Jungwirth, V. Kalogera, E. Katsavounidis, K. Kawabe, S. Kawamura, W. Kells, J. Kern, A. Khan, S. Killbourn, C.J. Killow, C. Kim, C. King, P. King, S. Klimenko, P. Kloevekorn, S. Koranda, K. Kötter, J. Kovalik, D. Kozak, B. Krishnan, M. Landry, J. Langdale, B. Lantz, R. Lawrence, A. Lazzarini, M. Lei, V. Leonhardt, I. Leonor, K. Libbrecht, P. Lindquist, S. Liu, J. Logan, M. Lormand, M. Lubinski, H. Lück, T.T. Lyons, B. Machenschalk, M. MacInnis, M. Mageswaran, K. Mailand, W. Majid, M. Malec, F. Mann, A. Marin, S. Márka, E. Maros, J. Mason, K. Mason, O. Matherny, L. Matone, N. Mavalvala, R. McCarthy, D.E. McClelland, M. McHugh, P. McNamara, G. Mendell, S. Meshkov, C. Messenger, V.P. Mitrofanov, G. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, O. Miyakawa, S. Miyoki, S. Mohanty, G. Moreno, K. Mossavi, B. Mours, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, J. Myers, S. Nagano, T. Nash, H. Naundorf, R. Nayak, G. Newton, F. Nocera, P. Nutzman, T. Olson, B. O'Reilly, D. J. Ottaway, A. Ottewill, D. Ouimette, H. Overmier, B.J. Owen, M.A. Papa, C. Parameswariah, V. Parameswariah, M. Pedraza, S. Penn, M. Pitkin, M. Plissi, M. Pratt, V. Quetschke, F. Raab, H. Radkins, R. Rahkola, M. Rakhmanov, S.R. Rao, D. Redding, M.W. Regehr, T. Regimbau, K.T. Reilly, K. Reithmaier, D.H. Reitze, S. Richman, R. Riesen, K. Riles, A. Rizzi, D.I. Robertson, N.A. Robertson, L. Robison, S. Roddy, J. Rollins, J.D. Romano, J. Romie, H. Rong, D. Rose, E. Rotthoff, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, P. Russell, K. Ryan, I. Salzman, G.H. Sanders, V. Sannibale, B. Sathyaprakash, P.R. Saulson, R. Savage, A. Sazonov, R. Schilling, K. Schlaufman, V. Schmidt, R. Schofield, M. Schrempel, B.F. Schutz, P. Schwinberg, S.M. Scott, A.C. Searle, B. Sears, S. Seel, A.S. Sengupta, C.A. Shapiro, P. Shawhan, D.H. Shoemaker, Q.Z. Shu, A. Sibley, X. Siemens, L. Sievers, D. Sigg, A.M. Sintes, K. Skeldon, J.R. Smith, M. Smith, M.R. Smith, P. Sneddon, R. Spero, G. Stapfer, K.A. Strain, D. Strom, A. Stuver, T. Summerscales, M.C. Sumner, P.J. Sutton, J. Sylvestre, A. Takamori, D.B. Tanner, H. Tariq, I. Taylor, R. Taylor, K.S. Thorne, M. Tibbits, S. Tilav, M. Tinto, K.V. Tokmakov, C. Torres, C. Torrie, S. Traeger, G. Traylor, W. Tyler, D. Ugolini, M. Vallisneri, M. van Putten, S. Vass, A. Vecchio, C. Vorvick, S.P. Vyatchanin, L. Wallace, H. Walther, H. Ward, B. Ware, K. Watts, D. Webber, A. Weidner, U. Weiland, A. Weinstein, R. Weiss, H. Welling, L. Wen, S. Wen, J.T. Whelan, S.E. Whitcomb, B.F. Whiting, P.A. Willems, P.R. Williams, R. Williams, B. Willke, A. Wilson, B.J. Winjum, W. Winkler, S. Wise, A.G. Wiseman, G. Woan, R. Wooley, J. Worden, I. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, S. Yoshida, I. Zawischa, L. Zhang, N. Zotov, M. Zucker, J. Zweizig, The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Detector description and performance for the first coincidence observations between LIGO and GEO, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 517, Issues 1–3, 21 January 2004, Pages 154-179, ISSN 0168-9002, (
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