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Searching for a Stochastic Background of Gravitational Waves with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory

Abbott, B. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Agresti, J. and Anderson, S. B. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Barish, B. C. and Barton, M. A. and Bhawal, B. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, K. and Bork, R. and Brown, D. A. and Busby, D. and Cardenas, L. and Cepeda, C. and Charlton, P. and Chatterji, S. and Coyne, D. and Creighton, T. D. and D'Ambrosio, E. and DeSalvo, R. and Dupuis, R. J. and Ehrens, P. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Goggin, L. and Grimmett, D. and Heefner, J. and Hoang, P. and Ivanov, A. and Kells, W. and King, P. and Kondrashov, V. and Kozak, D. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Libbrecht, K. and Lindquist, P. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Mandic, V. and Maros, E. and Marx, J. N. and Meshkov, S. and Meyers, D. and Miyakawa, O. and Pedraza, M. and Russell, P. and Samidi, M. and Sannibale, V. and Sears, B. and Shawhan, P. and Smith, M. R. and Sutton, P. J. and Tarallo, M. and Taylor, R. and Torrie, C. and Tyler, W. and Varvella, M. and Vass, S. and Villar, A. and Waldman, S. J. and Wallace, L. and Ward, R. and Webber, D. and Weinstein, A. J. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Willems, P. A. and Yamamoto, H. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. and Cutler, C. and Pan, Y. and Vallisneri, M. and Thorne, K. S. and Drever, R. W. P. (2007) Searching for a Stochastic Background of Gravitational Waves with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory. Astrophysical Journal, 659 (2). pp. 918-930. ISSN 0004-637X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140110-072316825

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Abstract

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) has performed the fourth science run, S4, with significantly improved interferometer sensitivities with respect to previous runs. Using data acquired during this science run, we place a limit on the amplitude of a stochastic background of gravitational waves. For a frequency independent spectrum, the new Bayesian 90% upper limit is Ω_(GW) × [H_0/(72 km s^(−1) Mpc^(−1))]^2 < 6.5 × 10^(-5). This is currently the most sensitive result in the frequency range 51-150 Hz, with a factor of 13 improvement over the previous LIGO result. We discuss the complementarity of the new result with other constraints on a stochastic background of gravitational waves, and we investigate implications of the new result for different models of this background.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/659/2/918/PublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/511329DOIArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0608606arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Libbrecht, K.0000-0002-8744-3298
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Alternate Title:Searching for a Stochastic Background of Gravitational Waves with LIGO
Additional Information:© 2007 American Astronomical Society. Received 2006 September 21; accepted 2006 November 30. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. LIGO DCC number: P060012-07-D.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC)UNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:gravitational waves
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentP060012-07-D
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140110-072316825
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140110-072316825
Official Citation:Searching for a Stochastic Background of Gravitational Waves with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory B. Abbott et al. 2007 ApJ 659 918
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:43300
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:10 Jan 2014 17:22
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 00:44

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