A Caltech Library Service

HerMES: The Contribution to the Cosmic Infrared Background from Galaxies Selected by Mass and Redshift

Viero, M. P. and Moncelsi, L. and Bock, J. J. and Bridge, C. and Cooray, A. and Schulz, B. and Vieira, J. D. and Zemcov, M. (2013) HerMES: The Contribution to the Cosmic Infrared Background from Galaxies Selected by Mass and Redshift. Astrophysical Journal, 779 (1). Art. No. 32. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/779/1/32.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We quantify the fraction of the cosmic infrared background (CIB) that originates from galaxies identified in the UV/optical/near-infrared by stacking 81,250 (~35.7 arcmin^(–2)) K-selected sources (K_(AB) < 24.0) split according to their rest-frame U – V versus V – J colors into 72,216 star-forming and 9034 quiescent galaxies, on maps from Spitzer/MIPS (24 μm), Herschel/PACS (100, 160 μm), Herschel/SPIRE (250, 350, 500 μm), and AzTEC (1100 μm). The fraction of the CIB resolved by our catalog is (69% ± 15%) at 24 μm, (78% ± 17%) at 70 μm, (58% ± 13%) at 100 μm, (78% ± 18%) at 160 μm, (80% ± 17%) at 250 μm, (69% ± 14%) at 350 μm, (65% ± 12%) at 500 μm, and (45% ± 8%) at 1100 μm. Of that total, about 95% originates from star-forming galaxies, while the remaining 5% is from apparently quiescent galaxies. The CIB at λ ≾ 200 μm appears to be sourced predominantly from galaxies at z ≾ 1, while at λ ≳ 200 μm the bulk originates from 1 ≾ z ≾ 2. Galaxies with stellar masses log(M/M_☉) = 9.5-11 are responsible for the majority of the CIB, with those in the log(M/M_☉) = 9.5-10 bin contributing mostly at λ < 250 μm, and those in the log(M/M_☉) = 10-11 bin dominating at λ > 350 μm. The contribution from galaxies in the log(M/M_☉) = 9.0-9.5 (lowest) and log(M/M_☉) = 11.0-12.0 (highest) stellar-mass bins contribute the least—both of order 5%—although the highest stellar-mass bin is a significant contributor to the luminosity density at z ≳ 2. The luminosities of the galaxies responsible for the CIB shifts from combinations of "normal" and luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) at λ ≾ 160 μm, to LIRGs at 160 ≾ λ ≾ 500 μm, to finally LIRGs and ultra-luminous infrared galaxies at λ ≳ 500 μm. Stacking analyses were performed using SIMSTACK, a novel algorithm designed to account for possible biases in the stacked flux density due to clustering. It is made available to the public at

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Moncelsi, L.0000-0002-4242-3015
Bock, J. J.0000-0002-5710-5212
Cooray, A.0000-0002-3892-0190
Zemcov, M.0000-0001-8253-1451
Additional Information:© 2013 American Astronomical Society. Received 2013 April 1; accepted 2013 October 18; published 2013 November 22. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. The authors warmly thank Duncan Hanson, PhilKorngut, Zak Staniszewski, and Yoshihiro Ueda. We also thank the anonymous referee, whose careful comments greatly improved this paper. Much credit belongs to C. Barth Netterfield and Enzo Pascale for inspiring the simultaneous stacking algorithm, and to whom we are thankful. SPIRE has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by Cardiff Univ. (UK) and including: Univ. Lethbridge (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, LAM (France); IFSI, Univ. Padua (Italy); IAC (Spain); Stockholm Observatory (Sweden); Imperial College London, RAL, UCLMSSL, UKATC, Univ. Sussex (UK); and Caltech, JPL, NHSC, Univ. Colorado (USA). This development has been supported by national funding agencies: CSA (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, CNES, CNRS (France); ASI (Italy); MCINN (Spain); SNSB (Sweden); STFC, UKSA (UK); and NASA (USA).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)UNSPECIFIED
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC)UNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCINN)UNSPECIFIED
Swedish National Space Board (SNSB)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords: cosmology: observations; galaxies: evolution; infrared: galaxies; large-scale structure of universe; submillimeter: galaxies
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140117-095413552
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:HerMES: The Contribution to the Cosmic Infrared Background from Galaxies Selected by Mass and Redshift M. P. Viero et al. 2013 ApJ 779 32
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:43424
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:17 Jan 2014 18:43
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 16:37

Repository Staff Only: item control page