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Isotopic and elemental composition of the anomalous low-energy cosmic-ray fluxes

Mewaldt, R. A. and Stone, E. C. and Vidor, S. B. and Vogt, R. E. (1976) Isotopic and elemental composition of the anomalous low-energy cosmic-ray fluxes. Astrophysical Journal, 205 . pp. 931-937. ISSN 0004-637X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140207-092859373

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Abstract

Recent observations of cosmic rays below ~30 MeV nucleon^(-1) have revealed anomalous enhancements in the energy spectra of oxygen, nitrogen, and helium relative to those of other nuclei such as boron and carbon. We have measured the quiet-time fluxes of the elements hydrogen through oxygen in the ~4-30 MeV nucleon^(-1) energy interval during the period 1972 October through 1974 October. We find that the low-energy fluxes of Li, Be, B, and Care consistent with those expected from adiabatic deceleration and show no significant evidence for secondary fragmentation products arising from the enhanced nitrogen and oxygen fluxes. In the ~6-12 MeV nucleon^(-1) interval, the observed nitrogen and oxygen nuclei are predominantly ^(14)N and ^(16)O, with upper limits (84% confidence level) of ^(15)N/N ≤ 0.26, ^(17)O/O ≤ 0.13, and ^(18)O/O ≤ 0.12 for the other stable nitrogen and oxygen isotopes. These isotopic measurements are consistent with the presumed isotopic composition of the neutral interstellar medium, as would be the case if the anomalous component is locally accelerated. If, on the other hand, the enhanced low-energy cosmic rays result from unusual nucleosynthesis processes which enhance nitrogen and oxygen but not carbon, then these processes are constrained to producing predominantly ^(14)N and ^(16)O.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/154348DOIArticle
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1976ApJ...205..931MADSArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Mewaldt, R. A.0000-0003-2178-9111
Stone, E. C.0000-0002-2010-5462
Additional Information:© 1976 American Astronomical Society. Received 1975 August 20. Mr. W. E. Althouse, Dr. G. J. Hurford, and Dr. J. E. Lupton made significant contributions to the design and development of the Electron/Isotope Spectrometer. In addition, Dr. Hurford was responsible for many of the data analysis programs. This work was supported in part by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contract NAS5-11066 and grant NGR 05-002-160.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS5-11066
NASANGR 05-002-160
Subject Keywords:cosmic rays: abundances
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Space Radiation Laboratory1975-14
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140207-092859373
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140207-092859373
Official Citation:Isotopic and elemental composition of the anomalous low-energy cosmic-ray fluxes Mewaldt, R. A., Stone, E. C., Vidor, S. B., & Vogt, R. E. Astrophysical Journal, vol. 205, May 1, 1976, pt. 1, p. 931-937.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:43715
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:07 Feb 2014 17:57
Last Modified:20 Feb 2020 14:33

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