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Neodymium and strontium isotopic characteristics of New Zealand granitoids and related rocks

Pickett, David A. and Wasserburg, G. J. (1989) Neodymium and strontium isotopic characteristics of New Zealand granitoids and related rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 103 (2). pp. 131-142. ISSN 0010-7999. doi:10.1007/BF00378499.

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Initial ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr and ^(143)Nd/^(144)Nd ratios of Phanerozoic granitoids and related intrusions of the New Zealand block display a mixing-type array indicative of the involvement in their sources of old continental crustal material, most likely of Proterozoic age.ɛ Sr(T) values range from −4 to +273 (^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr=0.7041–0.7233), while ɛ Nd(T) ranges from +2.7 to −11.0. Preexisting metasedimentary rocks have generally higher ɛ_Sr and lower ɛ_Nd (ranging to present-day values of +646 and −15.0, respectively), and, particularly for the Mesozoic intrusives, are isotopically appropriate mixing end-members. The widespread, early Paleozoic Greenland Group graywackes, which are derived from Proterozoic sources, are modeled as the source of the crustal end-member mixing with mantle-derived mafic magmas to produce the intrusive rocks. Four different types of models are applied to the isotopic and trace-element (Rb, Sr, Ba, REE) data: simple mixing; mixing with a partial melt of the metasedimentary rock, with or without isotopic equilibrium; and assimilation-fractional crystallization. Based on these models, some constraints may be applied on petrogenesis (e.g., the lack of high Rb concentrations points to the presence of biotite, and HREE depletion points to the presence of garnet); however, the models fail to adequately explain all the data. The New Zealand granitoids show similarities in isotopic character not only to rocks from offshore islands on the New Zealand block, but also to similar-aged granitoids in adjacent regions of Antarctica and Australia. This points to similarities in crustal character between continental blocks formerly proximal in Gondwanaland. We note an overall increase in ɛ_Nd and decrease in ɛ_Sr in felsic magmas from the Paleozoic to the Mesozoic to the Cenozoic in New Zealand, indicative of a decrease over time in the level of influence of recycled continental crust in subduction-related magmatism.

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Wasserburg, G. J.0000-0002-7957-8029
Additional Information:© 1989 Springer-Verlag. Received October 12, 1988; accepted April 20, 1989. Editorial responsibility: J. Patchett. Brian Mason contributed invaluably to this work. He initiated the study during a visit to the Lunatic Asylum, then Jed the senior author on a memorable tour through the geology and history of Westland. D.L. Kimbrough unselfishly provided unpublished geochronological results, and discussions with J. Y. Bradshaw, R.L. Edwards and S.M. Wickham were also beneficial. The comments of three anonymous reviewers and the editorial handling by P .J. Patchett were helpful in improving the manuscript. In New Zealand, H. Campbell, D.S. Coombs, and J.A. Gamble lent hospitable hands, the latter also providing the Auckland Islands sample. D.A. Papanastassiou offered his expertise on analytical procedures. We thank H.H. Ngo for providing instruction in chemical procedures, as well as some of the analyses used in this paper. This work has been supported by NSF Grant EAR 86-18526 in a laboratory supported by NASA Grant NAG 9-43. Division Contribution No. 4538 (582).
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NSFEAR 86-18526
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences4538
Lunatic Asylum Lab582
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Deposited On:12 Feb 2014 19:36
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