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Evaluation of biasing and protection circuitry components for cryogenic MMIC low-noise amplifiers

Lamb, James W. (2014) Evaluation of biasing and protection circuitry components for cryogenic MMIC low-noise amplifiers. Cryogenics, 61 . pp. 43-54. ISSN 0011-2275. doi:10.1016/j.cryogenics.2014.02.005.

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Millimeter-wave integrated circuits with gate lengths as short as 35 nm are demonstrating extremely low-noise performance, especially when cooled to cryogenic temperatures. These operate at low voltages and are susceptible to damage from electrostatic discharge and improper biasing, as well as being sensitive to low-level interference. Designing a protection circuit for low voltages and temperatures is challenging because there is very little data available on components that may be suitable. Extensive testing at low temperatures yielded a set of components and a circuit topology that demonstrates the required level of protection for critical MMICs and similar devices. We present a circuit that provides robust protection for low voltage devices from room temperature down to 4 K.

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Additional Information:© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Received 21 October 2013; Received in revised form 4 February 2014; Accepted 12 February 2014; Available online 21 February 2014. It is a pleasure to thank my colleagues Sander Weinreb, Jacob Kooi, Rohit Gawande, Rodrigo Reeves, Kieran Cleary, and Stephen Sarkozy for useful discussions and suggestions. Gary Gimblin did an excellent job of assembling the prototype boards. Support for CARMA construction was derived from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Kenneth T. and Eileen L. Norris Foundation, the James S. McDonnell Foundation, the Associates of the California Institute of Technology, the University of Chicago, the states of California, Illinois, and Maryland, and the National Science Foundation. Ongoing CARMA development and operations are supported by the National Science Foundation under a cooperative agreement (Grant AST-1140063), and by the CARMA partner universities.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Kenneth T. and Eileen L. Norris FoundationUNSPECIFIED
James S. McDonnell FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Associates of the California Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
University of ChicagoUNSPECIFIED
States of California, Illinois, and MarylandUNSPECIFIED
CARMA partner universitiesUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:MMIC; Bias protection; Diodes; LED; Electronic components
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140226-094834378
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Official Citation:James W. Lamb, Evaluation of biasing and protection circuitry components for cryogenic MMIC low-noise amplifiers, Cryogenics, Volume 61, May–June 2014, Pages 43-54, ISSN 0011-2275, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44009
Deposited By: SWORD User
Deposited On:26 Feb 2014 21:17
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 16:46

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