A Caltech Library Service

Voting Technology, Vote-by-Mail, and Residual Votes in California, 1990-2010

Alvarez, R. Michael and Beckett, Dustin and Stewart, Charles, III (2013) Voting Technology, Vote-by-Mail, and Residual Votes in California, 1990-2010. Political Research Quarterly, 66 (3). pp. 658-670. ISSN 1065-9129.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We examine how the growth in vote-by-mail and changes in voting technologies led to changes in the residual vote rate in California from 1990 to 2010. In California’s presidential elections, counties that abandoned punch cards in favor of optical scanning enjoyed a significant improvement in the residual vote rate. We also conduct the first analysis of the effects of the rise of vote-by-mail on residual votes. Regardless of the election, increased use of the mail to cast ballots is robustly associated with a significant rise in the residual vote rate.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 2011 University of Utah. Published online before print December 13, 2012. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was conducted with financial support from the James Irvine Foundation and the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
James Irvine FoundationUNSPECIFIED
John S. and James L. Knight FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:voting technologies; vote-by-mail; residual votes
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140310-081756212
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44205
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:14 Mar 2014 15:28
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 06:15

Repository Staff Only: item control page