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Whole Planet Cooling and the Radiogenic Heat Source Contents of the Earth and Moon

Schubert, Gerald and Stevenson, David and Cassen, Patrick (1980) Whole Planet Cooling and the Radiogenic Heat Source Contents of the Earth and Moon. Journal of Geophysical Research B, 85 (B5). pp. 2531-2538. ISSN 0148-0227. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140311-155046418

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Abstract

It is widely believed that the surface heat flows of the earth and moon provide good measures of the total amounts of radioactives in these bodies. Simple thermal evolution models, based on subsolidus whole mantle convection, indicate that this may not be the case. These models have been constructed assuming an initially hot state, but with a wide variety of choices for the parameters characterizing the rheology and convective vigor. All models are constrained to be consistent with present-day surface heat fluxes, and many of the terrestrial models are consistent with the mantle viscosities indicated by post-glacial rebound. For the earth the acceptable models give a radiogenic heat production that is only 65–85% of the surface heat output, the difference being due to secular cooling of the earth (about 50°–100°C per 10^9 years in the upper mantle). It is argued that the actual heat generation may be substantially less, since the models omit core heat, upward migration of heat sources, possible layering of the mantle, and deviations from steady convection. Geochemical models which are near to chondritic (apart from potassium depletion) are marginally consistent with surface heat flow. In the lunar models, heat generation is typically only 70–80% of the surface heat flow, even with allowance for the strong near-surface enhancement of radioactives. Despite the simplicity of the models the persistence of a significant difference between heat generation and heat output for a wide range of parameter choices indicates that this difference is real and should be incorporated in geochemical modeling of the planets.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/JB085iB05p02531/abstractPublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB085iB05p02531DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Stevenson, David0000-0001-9432-7159
Additional Information:© 1980 American Geophysical Union. Received October 16, 1979; accepted January 14, 1980. This research was supported in part by NSF grant EAR77-15198 and by the Planetology Geology Program, Office of Space Science, NASA grant NGR05-007-317. We thank. Ross Taylor and Don Turcotte for helpful discussions. Paper number 80B0075.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR77-15198
NASANGR 05-007-317
Issue or Number:B5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140311-155046418
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140311-155046418
Official Citation:Schubert, G., D. Stevenson, and P. Cassen (1980), Whole planet cooling and the radiogenic heat source contents of the Earth and Moon, J. Geophys. Res., 85(B5), 2531–2538, doi:10.1029/JB085iB05p02531.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44266
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:12 Mar 2014 18:12
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 06:16

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