A Caltech Library Service

The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere

Lyons, Timothy W. and Reinhard, Christopher T. and Planavsky, Noah J. (2014) The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere. Nature, 506 (7488). pp. 307-315. ISSN 0028-0836.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The rapid increase of carbon dioxide concentration in Earth’s modern atmosphere is a matter of major concern. But for the atmosphere of roughly two-and-half billion years ago, interest centres on a different gas: free oxygen (O2) spawned by early biological production. The initial increase of O2 in the atmosphere, its delayed build-up in the ocean, its increase to near-modern levels in the sea and air two billion years later, and its cause-and-effect relationship with life are among the most compelling stories in Earth’s history.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access
Reinhard, Christopher T.0000-0002-2632-1027
Additional Information:© 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Received 11 April 2013. Accepted 21 January 2014. Published online 19 February 2014. Funding from NSF-EAR, the NASA Exobiology Program, the NASA Astrobiology Institute, and the Agouron Institute supported this work. C.T.R. acknowledges support from an O. K. Earl Postdoctoral Fellowship in Geological and Planetary Sciences at the California Institute of Technology. N.J.P. acknowledges support from NSF-EAR-PDF.Comments and criticism from A. Bekker, D. Erwin, I. Halevy and D. Johnston improved the manuscript. A. Bekker was helpful in discussions about the GOE and suggested the acronym ‘GOT’.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Exobiology ProgramUNSPECIFIED
NASA Astrobiology InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Agouron InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Caltech Geological and Planetary Sciences O. K. Earl Postdoctoral FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Palaeoclimate
Issue or Number:7488
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140326-154738501
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere Timothy W. Lyons, Christopher T. Reinhard & Noah J. Planavsky Pages 307-315
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44535
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:28 Mar 2014 23:16
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

Repository Staff Only: item control page