A Caltech Library Service

Search for gravitational wave radiation associated with the pulsating tail of the SGR 1806-20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004 using LIGO

Abbott, B. and Drever, R. W. P. and Brown, D. A. and Savov, P. and Siemens, X. and Thorne, K. S. and Vallisneri, M. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Agresti, J. and Anderson, S. B. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Ballmer, S. and Barish, B. C. and Bhawal, B. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, K. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Busby, D. and Cardenas, L. and Cepeda, C. and Chatterji, S. and Coyne, D. and Creighton, T. D. and D'Ambrosio, E. and DeSalvo, R. and Dupuis, R. J. and Ehrens, P. and Espinoza, E. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Fairhurst, S. and Fazi, D. and Goggin, L. and Heefner, J. and Ivanov, A. and Kells, W. and Keppel, D. G. and King, P. and Kondrashov, V. and Kozak, D. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Libbrecht, K. and Lindquist, P. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Mandic, V. and Maros, E. and Marx, J. N. and Meshkov, S. and Messaritaki, E. and Meyers, D. and Miyakawa, O. and Nash, T. and Patel, P. and Pedraza, M. and Robertson, N. A. and Russell, P. and Samidi, M. and Sannibale, V. and Sears, B. and Smith, M. R. and Sutton, P. J. and Tarallo, M. and Taylor, R. and Tinto, M. and Tyler, W. and Varvella, M. and Vass, S. and Villar, A. and Waldman, S. J. and Wallace, L. and Ward, R. and Webber, D. and Weinstein, A. J. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Willems, P. A. and Yamamoto, H. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. (2007) Search for gravitational wave radiation associated with the pulsating tail of the SGR 1806-20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004 using LIGO. Physical Review D, 76 (6). Art. No. 062003. ISSN 0556-2821.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We have searched for gravitational waves (GWs) associated with the SGR 1806−20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004. This event, originating from a Galactic neutron star, displayed exceptional energetics. Recent investigations of the x-ray light curve’s pulsating tail revealed the presence of quasiperiodic oscillations (QPOs) in the 30–2000 Hz frequency range, most of which coincides with the bandwidth of the LIGO detectors. These QPOs, with well-characterized frequencies, can plausibly be attributed to seismic modes of the neutron star which could emit GWs. Our search targeted potential quasimonochromatic GWs lasting for tens of seconds and emitted at the QPO frequencies. We have observed no candidate signals above a predetermined threshold, and our lowest upper limit was set by the 92.5 Hz QPO observed in the interval from 150 s to 260 s after the start of the flare. This bound corresponds to a (90% confidence) root-sum-squared amplitude h^(90%)_(rss-det) =4.5×10^(−22)  strain  Hz^(−1/2) on the GW waveform strength in the detectable polarization state reaching our Hanford (WA) 4 km detector. We illustrate the astrophysical significance of the result via an estimated characteristic energy in GW emission that we would expect to be able to detect. The above result corresponds to 7.7×10^(46)  erg (=4.3×10^(−8)  M_⊙c^2), which is of the same order as the total (isotropic) energy emitted in the electromagnetic spectrum. This result provides a means to probe the energy reservoir of the source with the best upper limit on the GW waveform strength published and represents the first broadband asteroseismology measurement using a GW detector.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Version
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Libbrecht, K.0000-0002-8744-3298
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Additional Information:© 2007 American Physical Society. Received 9 April 2007. Published 27 September 2007. We are indebted to Gianluca Israel and Anna Watts for frequent and fruitful discussions. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society and the State of Niedersachsen/ Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and Columbia University in New York City.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y CienciaUNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
New York City Columbia UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Classification Code:PACS: 04.80.Nn, 04.30.Db, 07.05.Kf, 95.85.Sz
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140328-102903046
Persistent URL:
Official Citation: Search for gravitational wave radiation associated with the pulsating tail of the SGR 1806−20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004 using LIGO B. Abbott et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) Phys. Rev. D 76, 062003 (2007) – Published 27 September 2007
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44547
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:02 Apr 2014 17:47
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 00:45

Repository Staff Only: item control page