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Upper limit map of a background of gravitational waves

Abbott, B. and Drever, R. W. P. and Savov, P. and Siemens, X. and Thorne, K. S. and Vallisneri, M. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Agresti, J. and Anderson, S. B. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Ballmer, S. and Barish, B. C. and Bhawal, B. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, K. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Busby, D. and Cardenas, L. and Cepeda, C. and Chatterji, S. and Coyne, D. and Creighton, T. D. and D'Ambrosio, E. and DeSalvo, R. and Dupuis, R. J. and Ehrens, P. and Espinoza, E. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Fairhurst, S. and Fazi, D. and Goggin, L. M. and Heefner, J. and Ivanov, A. and Kells, W. and Keppel, D. G. and King, P. and Kondrashov, V. and Kozak, D. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Libbrecht, K. and Lindquist, P. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Mandic, V. and Maros, E. and Marx, J. N. and Meshkov, S. and Messaritaki, E. and Meyers, D. and Miyakawa, O. and Patel, P. and Pedraza, M. and Robertson, N. A. and Russell, P. and Samidi, M. and Sannibale, V. and Sears, B. and Smith, M. R. and Sutton, P. J. and Tarallo, M. and Taylor, R. and Tyler, W. and Varvella, M. and Vass, S. and Villar, A. and Waldman, S. J. and Wallace, L. and Ward, R. and Webber, D. and Weinstein, A. J. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Willems, P. A. and Yamamoto, H. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. (2007) Upper limit map of a background of gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 76 (8). art. No. 082003. ISSN 0556-2821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140328-113831012

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Abstract

We searched for an anisotropic background of gravitational waves using data from the LIGO S4 science run and a method that is optimized for point sources. This is appropriate if, for example, the gravitational wave background is dominated by a small number of distinct astrophysical sources. No signal was seen. Upper limit maps were produced assuming two different power laws for the source strain power spectrum. For an f^(−3) power law and using the50 Hz to 1.8 kHz band the upper limits on the source strain power spectrum vary between 1.2×10^(−48)  Hz^(−1) (100  Hz/f)^3 and 1.2×10^(−47)  Hz^(−1) (100  Hz/f)^3, depending on the position in the sky. Similarly, in the case of constant strain power spectrum, the upper limits vary between 8.5×10−49  Hz−1 and 6.1×10^(−48)  Hz^(−1). As a side product a limit on an isotropic background of gravitational waves was also obtained. All limits are at the 90% confidence level. Finally, as an application, we focused on the direction of Sco-X1, the brightest low-mass x-ray binary. We compare the upper limit on strain amplitude obtained by this method to expectations based on the x-ray flux from Sco-X1.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.76.082003DOIArticle
http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.76.082003PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0703234arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Libbrecht, K.0000-0002-8744-3298
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Additional Information:© 2007 American Physical Society. Received 31 January 2007. Published 29 October 2007. Publisher error corrected 28 February 2008. The work described in this paper was part of the doctoral thesis of S.W. Ballmer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology [10]. Furthermore the authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the U.S. National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen, Germany, for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. This paper has been assigned the LIGO document number LIGO-P060029-00-Z.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-GesellschaftUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentLIGO-P060029-00-Z
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140328-113831012
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140328-113831012
Official Citation:Upper limit map of a background of gravitational waves B. Abbott et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) Phys. Rev. D 76, 082003 (2007) – Published 29 October 2007
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44548
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:28 Mar 2014 23:05
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 00:46

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