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Ambient noise correlation on the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica

Zhan, Zhongwen and Tsai, Victor C. and Jackson, Jennifer M. and Helmberger, Don (2014) Ambient noise correlation on the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica. Geophysical Journal International, 196 (3). pp. 1796-1802. ISSN 0956-540X. doi:10.1093/gji/ggt488.

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The structure of ice shelves is important for modelling the dynamics of ice flux from the continents to the oceans. While other, more traditional techniques provide many constraints, passive imaging with seismic noise is a complementary tool for studying and monitoring ice shelves. As a proof of concept, here we study noise cross-correlations and autocorrelations on the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica. We find that the noise field on the ice shelf is dominated by energy trapped in a low-velocity waveguide caused by the water layer below the ice. Within this interpretation, we explain spectral ratios of the noise cross-correlations as P-wave resonances in the water layer, and obtain an independent estimate of the water-column thickness, consistent with other measurements. For stations with noise dominated by elastic waves, noise autocorrelations also provide similar results. High-frequency noise correlations also require a 50-m firn layer near the surface with P-wave velocity as low as 1 km s^(−1). Our study may also provide insight for future planetary missions that involve seismic exploration of icy satellites such as Titan and Europa.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Zhan, Zhongwen0000-0002-5586-2607
Tsai, Victor C.0000-0003-1809-6672
Jackson, Jennifer M.0000-0002-8256-6336
Additional Information:© 2013 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2013 November 28. Received 2013 November 27; in original form 2013 August 16. First published online: December 20, 2013. We thank Fan-Chi Lin, Robert Clayton and Mark Simons for helpful discussions. We thank the editor Michael Ritzwoller and two anonymous reviewers for their comments that improved the manuscript. The seismic data is from the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) and David Heeszel and Helen Fricker helped with the seismic data. This work is supported in part by the Keck Institute for Space Studies (JMJ).
Group:Keck Institute for Space Studies, Seismological Laboratory, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Interferometry; Guided waves; Antarctica.
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140403-102823691
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Official Citation:Zhongwen Zhan, Victor C. Tsai, Jennifer M. Jackson, and Don Helmberger Ambient noise correlation on the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica Geophys. J. Int. (March, 2014) 196 (3): 1796-1802 first published online December 20, 2013 doi:10.1093/gji/ggt488
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44634
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:03 Apr 2014 17:44
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 16:54

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