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Probability and Chance: Philosophical Aspects

Hitchcock, C. (2001) Probability and Chance: Philosophical Aspects. In: International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol.18. Elsevier , Amsterdam , pp. 12089-12095. ISBN 978-0-08-043076-8.

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The central philosophical issue involving probability concerns the interpretation of ordinary probability claims, such as ‘there is a 30% probability that it will rain today.’ Epistemic interpretations of probability understand this to be a claim about belief under uncertainty: it describes the extent to which a certain type of rational agent would (or ought to) believe that it will rain, given the available evidence. Objective interpretations of probability read the claim as describing some quantifiable feature of the objective world, sometimes called ‘chance.’ The concept of chance is thought by some to be intimately connected with indeterminism. A variety of epistemic and objective interpretations of probability will be discussed below.

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Additional Information:© 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140408-113916680
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Official Citation:C. Hitchcock, Probability and Chance: Philosophical Aspects, In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, edited by Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes, Pergamon, Oxford, 2001, Pages 12089-12095, ISBN 9780080430768, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44772
Deposited By: Susan Vite
Deposited On:10 Apr 2014 15:36
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 16:56

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