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Europa and Callisto: Induced or intrinsic fields in a periodically varying plasma environment

Kivelson, M. G. and Khurana, K. K. and Stevenson, D. J. and Bennett, L. and Joy, S. and Russell, C. T. and Walker, R. J. and Zimmer, C. and Polanskey, C. (1999) Europa and Callisto: Induced or intrinsic fields in a periodically varying plasma environment. Journal of Geophysical Research A, 104 (A3). pp. 4609-4625. ISSN 0148-0227. doi:10.1029/1998JA900095.

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Magnetometer data from four Galileo passes by the Jovian moon Europa and three passes by Callisto are used to interpret the properties of the plasma surrounding these moons and to identify internal sources of magnetic perturbations. Near Europa the measurements are consistent with a plasma rich in pickup ions whose source is freshly ionized neutrals sputtered off of the moon's surface or atmosphere. The plasma effects vary with Europa's height above the center of Jupiter's extended plasma disk. Europa is comet-like when near the center of the current sheet. It is therefore likely that the strength of the currents coupling Europa to Jupiter's ionosphere and the brightness of a Europa footprint will depend on System III longitude. Magnetic perturbations on the scale of Europa's radius can arise from a permanent dipole moment or from an induced dipole moment driven by the time-varying part of Jupiter's magnetospheric field at Europa's orbit. Both models provide satisfactory fits. An induced dipole moment is favored because it requires no adjustable parameters. The inductive response of a conductive sphere also fits perturbations on two passes near Callisto. The implied dipole moment flips direction as is predicted for greatly differing orientations of Jupiter's magnetospheric field near Callisto in the two cases. For both moons the current carrying shells implied by induction must be located near the surface. An ionosphere cannot provide the current path, as its conductivity is too small, but a near surface ocean of ∼10 km or more in thickness would explain the observations.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Kivelson, M. G.0000-0003-3859-8581
Khurana, K. K.0000-0002-2856-1171
Stevenson, D. J.0000-0001-9432-7159
Russell, C. T.0000-0003-1639-8298
Additional Information:© 1999 American Geophysical Union. Manuscript Accepted: 2 Nov 1998; Manuscript Received: 26 May 1998. We are grateful to Duane Bindschadler of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for supporting all phases of data collection and to Joe Mafi for data processing and preparation of data plots. The work reported here was partially supported by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory under contract JPL 958694. Janet G. Luhmann thanks Jeffrey S. Kargel and Fritz M. Neubauer for their assistance in evaluating this paper.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
JPLJPL 958694
Subject Keywords:MHD waves and instabilities; Magnetosphere interactions with satellites and rings; Magnetospheric Physics: Magnetosphere—outer; Planetary magnetospheres; Planetology: Solid Surface Planets: Interactions with particles and fields; Planetology: Solid Surface Planets: Magnetic fields and magnetism
Issue or Number:A3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140409-143855776
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Official Citation:Kivelson, M. G., K. K. Khurana, D. J. Stevenson, L. Bennett, S. Joy, C. T. Russell, R. J. Walker, C. Zimmer, and C. Polanskey (1999), Europa and Callisto: Induced or intrinsic fields in a periodically varying plasma environment, J. Geophys. Res., 104(A3), 4609–4625, doi:10.1029/1998JA900095.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:44835
Deposited On:10 Apr 2014 20:16
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 16:56

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