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Comparisons of ^(18)O/^(16)O and ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr in volcanic rocks from the Pontine Islands, M. Ernici, and Campania with other areas in Italy

Turi, B. and Taylor, H. P., Jr. and Ferrara, G. (1991) Comparisons of ^(18)O/^(16)O and ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr in volcanic rocks from the Pontine Islands, M. Ernici, and Campania with other areas in Italy. In: Stable Isotope Geochemistry: A Tribute to Samuel Epstein. Special Publication (Geochemical Society). No.3. Geochemical Society , San Antonio, TX, pp. 307-324. ISBN 0941809021. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140416-142245655

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Abstract

New ^(18)O/^(16)O and ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr data dramatically confirm and extend the systematic regional isotopic and geographic correlations observed in Quaternary volcanic rocks from Italy: (1) The High K Series (HKS) and Low-K Series (LKS) potassic magma source regions are isotopically distinct; the relatively rare, primitive (high-Ca) parent magmas of both suites have δ^(18)O = +5.5 to +7.5, but the LKS parent has a much lower ^(85)Sr/^(86)Sr and slightly lower δ^(18)O than the HKS parent. (2) The more abundant evolved (fractionated) magmas of both suites have a wide range of δ^(18)O (+6.0 to + 13.0), but in the offshore island centers (Ischia, Pontine Is., Procida) these magmas are all much lower in δ^(18)O ( < +8.0) than those from the Italian mainland, as a result of the absence of involvement of high-^(18)O continental crust. (3) At a given center, the ^(18)O-enrichments correlate with major-element changes (i.e., CaO depletion and K_2O and SiO_2 enrichment) attributable to fractional crystallization in crustal magma chambers ( 4 to 13 km depth?); because such ^(18)O enrichments cannot be produced in a closed system, these correlations imply that AFC processes were important, particularly north of Rome where they are enhanced by an increase in the temperature of the crust (due to igneous activity associated with the 0-7 Ma Tuscan anatectic event). Thus, the high δ^(18)O values of the potassic magmas of Italy should not be used as evidence in support of genetic models invoking recent subduction of sedimentary rocks into the source regions of these magmas. (4) On δ^(18)O vs. ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr diagrams, the LKS and HKS magmas at each volcanic center display separate, steep positive trends indicating mixing with high-^(18)O continental crustal material; this type of mixing had little effect on ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr in these Sr-rich magmas, but it had a dramatic effect on the δ^(18)O values. (5) Two distinctly different groups of rhyolites and quartz-normative trachytes are observed in the northernmost Pontine Islands, a high-^(18)O group similar to the anatectic Tuscan rhyolites (δ^(18)O > + 10) and a low-^(18)O group similar to the rhyolites of the Aeolian Islands (δ^(18)O = +7 to +7.5). (6) All of the magmas produced in and around Italy during the past five million years can be derived by mixing of(i) a SiO_2-rich continental crustal end member, having ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr ~ 0. 715 to 0. 735 and δ^(18)O ~ + 10 to + 20, with three distinct mantle end members: (ii) a relatively low-K (LKS), moderate-Sr parent with ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr ~ 0.706 and δ^(18)O ~ +6, dominant to the south of Rome and perhaps related to an upper mantle source modified by a recent subduction event; (iii) a high-K (HKS), high-Sr parent with ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr ~ 0.711 and δ^(18)O ~ + 7 dominant in the vicinity of Rome and farther north, and possibly related to older subcontinental mantle modified by a recent metasomatic event; and (iv) a very low-K, low-Sr Tyrrhenian Sea MORB type parent with ^(87)Sr/^(86)Sr~ 0.7025 and δ^(18)O ~ +5.7.


Item Type:Book Section
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http://www.geochemsoc.org/publications/specialpublications/v3stableisotopegeochemistr/PublisherBook Publisher
Additional Information:© 1991 Geochemical Society. Contribution No. 3144, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, U.S.A. We are indebted to M. Preite-Martinez and C. Trudu in Rome and to S. Tonarini in Pisa for their efforts in obtaining the 0-isotope, Sr-isotope, and chemical analyses. We thanks S. Epstein and J. Goris for their help in the laboratory work carried out at Caltech. The Sr-isotope analyses of some samples from M. Ernici were kindly made by M. Barbieri. Thanks are also due to P. Di Girolamo for discussions and assistance, and to R. Vollmer and M. Cortini for supplying several samples. M. Barbieri and A. Taddeucci permitted us to report unpublished data on the 1971 Etna lava flow. Funding for Taylor was provided by the United States National Science Foundation, Grant No. 83-13106 and Grant No. 88-16413. Funding for Turi was provided by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche through the Centro Studi per la Geochimica Applicata alla Stratigrafia Recente and the Cooperative U.S.-Italy Program, C.N.R. Grant No. 86.00709.05, and by the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSF83-13106
NSF88-16413
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche through the Centro Studi per la Geochimica Applicata alla Stratigrafia RecenteUNSPECIFIED
Cooperative U.S.-Italy Program, C.N.R. Grant86.00709.05
Ministero della Pubblica IstruzioneUNSPECIFIED
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences 3144
Series Name:Special Publication (Geochemical Society)
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140416-142245655
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140416-142245655
Official Citation:v.3 - Stable Isotope Geochemistry :: Geochemical Society Comparisons of 18O/16O and 87Sr/86Sr in volcanic rocks from the Pontine Islands, M. Ernici, and Campania, with other areas in Italy - Turi, B. et al. Hydrogen ... www.geochemsoc.org/publications/.../v3stableisotopegeochemistr/
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ID Code:44988
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:17 Apr 2014 16:15
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 06:25

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