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Cenozoic Reconstructions of the Australia-New Zealand-South Pacific Sector of Antarctica

Cande, Steven C. and Stock, Joann M. (2004) Cenozoic Reconstructions of the Australia-New Zealand-South Pacific Sector of Antarctica. In: The Cenozoic Southern Ocean: tectonics, sedimentation, and climate change between Australia and Antarctica. Geophysical monograph. No.151. American Geophysical Union , Washington, DC, pp. 5-17. ISBN 9780875904160.

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Reconstructions are presented documenting the relative motion of the Australia. Antarctic and Pacific plates since Chron 27 (61.1 Ma). In addition to the motion of the major plates, the reconstructions show the relative motion between East and West Antarctica and the continental fragments that make up the South Tasman Rise. Recent observations that are used in making these reconstructions include the mapping of seafloor spreading magnetic anomalies in the Adare basin, northeast of Cape Adare, which recorded roughly 150 km of opening between East and West Antarctica between Chrons 20 (43.8 Ma) and 8 (26.6 Ma). In addition, magnetic and bathymetric observations from the lselin Rift, northeast of the Iselin Bank, and from the Emerald Fracture Zone, along the western boundary of Pacific-Antarctic spreading, document the rotation of the Iselin Bank between Chrons 27 and 24 (53.3 Ma). Our reconstructions indicate that there was a total of about 200 km of separation between East and West Antarctica in the northern Ross Sea region in the Cenozoic. These reconstructions document the development of a deep-water passageway between Australia and Antarctica as the South Tasman Rise clears the final piece of the Antarctic continental margin around Chron 13 (33.5 Ma).

Item Type:Book Section
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Stock, Joann M.0000-0003-4816-7865
Additional Information:© 2004 American Geophysical Union. We thank Rob Larter and Carmen Gaina for their helpful reviews and Neville Exon for hi editorial suggestions. GMT software was used to produce the figures [Wessel and Smith, 1991]. This research was supported by NSF grant OPP-0126340 (UCSD) and OPP-0126334 (Caltech). California Institute of Technology Division of Geological and Planetary Science contribution number 8956.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:Geology, Structural—Antarctic Ocean; Paleoclimatology—Cenozoic; Climatic changes—Antarctic Ocean; Antarctic Ocean—Climate; Marine sediments—Antarctic Ocean
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences8956
Series Name:Geophysical monograph
Issue or Number:151
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140425-125510082
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Cande, S. C. and Stock, J. M. (2013) Cenozoic Reconstructions of the Australia-New Zealand-South Pacific Sector of Antarctica, in The Cenozoic Southern Ocean: Tectonics, Sedimentation, and Climate Change Between Australia and Antarctica (eds N. F. Exon, J. P. Kennett and M. J. Malone), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/151GM02
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:45231
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:28 Apr 2014 19:30
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 17:01

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