A Caltech Library Service

The Response of Ionization Chambers to Relativistic Heavy Nuclei

Newport, B. J. and Stone, E. C. and Waddington, C. J. and Binns, W. R. and Fixsen, D. J. and Garrard, T. L. and Grimm, G. and Israel, M. H. and Klarmann, J. (1985) The Response of Ionization Chambers to Relativistic Heavy Nuclei. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Cosmic Ray Conference. Vol.3. Goddard Space Flight Center , Green Belt, MD, pp. 287-290.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


As part of a recent calibration at the LBL Bevalac for the Heavy Nuclei Experiment on HEAO-3, we have compared the response of a set of laboratory ionization chambers to beams of _(26)Fe, _(36)Kr, _(54)Xe, _(67)Ho, and _(79)Au nuclei at maximum energies ranging from 1666 MeV/amu for Fe to 1049 MeV /amu for Au. The response of these chambers shows a significant deviation from the expected energy dependence, but only a slight deviation from Z^2 scaling.

Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Stone, E. C.0000-0002-2010-5462
Binns, W. R.0000-0001-6110-3407
Israel, M. H.0000-0002-8104-208X
Additional Information:© 1985 NASA/STI. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System. The success of this calibration was largely due to the efforts of the staff at LBL, especially Hank Crawford, Mel Flores, Peter Lindstrom, and Fred Lothrop. John Epstein provided invaluable assistance in constructing and aligning the instrument. This work was supported in part by NASA contracts NAS 8-27976, 77, 78, and grants NAG 8-498, 500, 502 and NGR 05-002-160, 24-005-050, 26-008-001.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 8-27976
NASANAS 8-27977
NASANAS 8-27978
NASANGR 05-002-160
NASANGR 24-005-050
NASANGR 26-008-001
Non-Subject Keywords:Energy Distribution, Energy Levels, Heavy Ions, Heavy Nuclei, Ionization Chambers, Nuclear Particles, Primary Cosmic Rays, Gold Isotopes, Holmium Isotopes, Iron Isotopes, Krypton Isotopes, Particle Trajectories, Xenon Isotopes
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Space Radiation Laboratory1985-17
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140501-131651042
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:45430
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:01 May 2014 20:35
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

Repository Staff Only: item control page