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Constraints on Cosmic Strings from the LIGO-Virgo Gravitational-Wave Detectors

Aasi, J. and Abadie, J. and Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abernathy, M. R. and Adhikari, R. X. and Ajith, P. and Anderson, R. A. and Anderson, S. B. and Arai, K. and Araya, M. C. and Austin, L. and Barayoga, J. C. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, J. K. and Bork, R. and Brooks, A. F. and Cepeda, C. and Chakraborty, R. and Chalermsongsak, T. and Coyne, D. C. and Daudert, B. and Dergachev, V. and Driggers, J. C. and Ehrens, P. and Etzel, T. and Fotopoulos, N. and Gushwa, K. E. and Gustafson, E. K. and Hall, E. and Harms, J. and Heefner, J. and Heptonstall, A. W. and Hodge, K. A. and Ivanov, A. and Jacobson, M. and James, E. and Kalmus, P. and King, P. J. and Kondrashov, V. and Korth, W. Z. and Kozak, D. and Lazzarini, A. and Lewis, J. B. and Litvine, V. and Lloyd, D. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Marcos, E. and Martynov, D. and Marx, J. N. and McIntyre, G. and Meshkov, S. and Nash, T. and Ogin, G. H. and Osthelder, C. and Pedraza, M. and Phelps, M. and Poux, C. and Rice, L. R. and Privitera, S. and Quintero, E. and Raymond, V. and Reitze, D. H. and Robertson, N. A. and Rollins, J. G. and Sannibale, V. and Seifert, F. and Singer, A. and Singer, L. and Smith, M. R. and Taylor, R. and Thirugnanasambandam, M. P. and Thrane, E. and Torrie, C. I. and Vass, S. and Wallace, L. and Weinstein, A. J. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Williams, R. and Yamamoto, H. and Yeaton-Massey, D. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. (2014) Constraints on Cosmic Strings from the LIGO-Virgo Gravitational-Wave Detectors. Physical Review Letters, 112 (13). Art. No. 131101. ISSN 0031-9007. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140521-085823411

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Abstract

Measurements are presented by the CMS Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the higher-order harmonic coefficients that describe the azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles emitted in sNN−−−√=2.76 TeV PbPb collisions. Expressed in terms of the Fourier components of the azimuthal distribution, the n=3–6 harmonic coefficients are presented for charged particles as a function of their transverse momentum (0.3<pT<8.0GeV/c), collision centrality (0%–70%), and pseudorapidity (|η|<2.0). The data are analyzed using the event plane, multiparticle cumulant, and Lee-Yang zeros methods, which provide different sensitivities to initial-state fluctuations. Taken together with earlier LHC measurements of elliptic flow (n=2), the results on higher-order harmonic coefficients develop a more complete picture of the collective motion in high-energy heavy-ion collisions and shed light on the properties of the produced medium


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.131101DOIArticle
http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.131101PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.2384arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Adhikari, R. X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Korth, W. Z.0000-0003-3527-1348
Kozak, D.0000-0003-3118-8950
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Williams, R.0000-0002-9145-8580
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Additional Information:© 2014 American Physical Society. Received 25 October 2013; published 4 April 2014. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the International Science Linkages program of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, the Conselleria d’Economia Hisenda i Innovació of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish Science, the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, OTKA of Hungary, the Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO), the National Research Foundation of Korea, Industry Canada and the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, the National Science and Engineering Research Council Canada, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
International Science Linkages program of the Commonwealth of AustraliaUNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)UNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’Economia Hisenda i Innovació of the Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Royal SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA)UNSPECIFIED
Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
Industry CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Ontario Ministry of Economic Development and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Carnegie TrustUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:13
Classification Code:PACS numbers: 04.80.Nn, 11.25.Wx, 11.27.+d, 98.80.Cq
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140521-085823411
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140521-085823411
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:45860
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:22 May 2014 17:54
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 06:37

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