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Three New Cool Brown Dwarfs Discovered with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and an Improved Spectrum of the Y0 Dwarf WISE J041022.71+150248.4

Cushing, Michael C. and Kirkpatrick, J. Davy and Gelino, Christopher R. and Mace, Gregory N. and Skrutskie, Michael F. and Gould, Andrew (2014) Three New Cool Brown Dwarfs Discovered with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and an Improved Spectrum of the Y0 Dwarf WISE J041022.71+150248.4. Astronomical Journal, 147 (5). Art. No. 113. ISSN 0004-6256. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140528-111444611

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Abstract

As part of a larger search of Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) data for cool brown dwarfs with effective temperatures less than 1000 K, we present the discovery of three new cool brown dwarfs with spectral types later than T7. Using low-resolution, near-infrared spectra obtained with the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility and the Hubble Space Telescope, we derive spectral types of T9.5 for WISE J094305.98+360723.5, T8 for WISE J200050.19+362950.1, and Y0: for WISE J220905.73+271143.9. The identification of WISE J220905.73+271143.9 as a Y dwarf brings the total number of spectroscopically confirmed Y dwarfs to 17. In addition, we present an improved spectrum (i.e., higher signal-to-noise ratio) of the Y0 dwarf WISE J041022.71+150248.4 that confirms the Cushing et al. classification of Y0. Spectrophotometric distance estimates place all three new brown dwarfs at distances less than 12 pc, with WISE J200050.19+362950.1 lying at a distance of only 3.9–8.0 pc. Finally, we note that brown dwarfs like WISE J200050.19+362950.1 that lie in or near the Galactic plane offer an exciting opportunity to directly measure the mass of a brown dwarf via astrometric microlensing.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/147/5/113DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/1538-3881/147/5/113/PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.1378arXivWorking Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Cushing, Michael C.0000-0001-7780-3352
Kirkpatrick, J. Davy0000-0003-4269-260X
Mace, Gregory N.0000-0001-7875-6391
Additional Information:© 2014 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2013 June 4; accepted 2014 February 4; published 2014 April 10. M.C.C. acknowledges fruitful discussions with Adam Schneider. We thank P. Eisenhardt for obtaining the NIRC2 data for WISE J0943+3607. Data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory from telescope time allocated to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration through the agency’s scientific partnership with the California Institute of Technology and the University of California. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations, the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation, and is based [in part] on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with NASA. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech and the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. The HST observations are associated with program #12544, support for which was provided by NASA through a grant from the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. M.C.C. was a visiting Astronomer at the Infrared Telescope Facility, which is operated by the University of Hawaii under Cooperative Agreement No. NNX-08AE38A with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Science Mission Directorate, Planetary Astronomy Program. This research made use of the OSX Version of SCISOFT assembled by Dr. Nor Pirzkal and F. Pierfederici. A.G. was supported in part by NSF AST-1103471.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
NASA/ESA Hubble Space TelescopeUNSPECIFIED
NASANAS 5-26555
NSFAST-1103471
Subject Keywords: brown dwarfs; infrared: stars; stars: individual (WISE J041022.71+150248.4, WISE J094305.98+360723.5, WISE J200050.19+362950.1, WISE J20905.73+271143.9); stars: low-mass
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140528-111444611
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140528-111444611
Official Citation:Three New Cool Brown Dwarfs Discovered with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and an Improved Spectrum of the Y0 Dwarf WISE J041022.71+150248.4 Michael C. Cushing et al. 2014 The Astronomical Journal 147 113
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:45936
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:29 May 2014 17:15
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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