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Herschel Multitiered Extragalactic Survey: clusters of dusty galaxies uncovered by Herschel and Planck

Clements, D. L. and Braglia, F. G. and Hyde, A. K. and Pérez-Fournon, I. and Bock, J. J. and Cava, A. and Chapman, S. and Conley, A. and Cooray, A. and Farrah, D. and Gonzales Solares, E. A. and Marchetti, L. and Marsden, G. and Oliver, S. J. and Roseboom, I. G. and Schulz, B. and Smith, A. J. and Vaccari, M. and Vieira, J. and Viero, M. and Wang, L. and Wardlow, J. and Zemcov, M. and de Zotti, G. (2014) Herschel Multitiered Extragalactic Survey: clusters of dusty galaxies uncovered by Herschel and Planck. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 439 (2). pp. 1193-1211. ISSN 0035-8711. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140530-091456467

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Abstract

The potential for Planck to detect clusters of dusty, star-forming galaxies at z > 1 is tested by examining the Herschel-SPIRE images of Planck Early Release Compact Source Catalog sources lying in fields observed by the Herschel Multitiered Extragalactic Survey. Of the 16 Planck sources that lie in the ∼90 sq. deg. examined, we find that 12 are associated with single bright Herschel sources. The remaining four are associated with overdensities of Herschel sources, making them candidate clusters of dusty, star-forming galaxies. We use complementary optical/near-IR data for these ‘clumps’ to test this idea, and find evidence for the presence of galaxy clusters in all four cases. We use photometric redshifts and red sequence galaxies to estimate the redshifts of these clusters, finding that they range from 0.8 to 2.3. These redshifts imply that the Herschel sources in these clusters, which contribute to the detected Planck flux, are forming stars very rapidly, with typical total cluster star formation rates >1000 M_⊙ yr^(−1). The high-redshift clusters discovered in these observations are used to constrain the epoch of cluster galaxy formation, finding that the galaxies in our clusters are 1–1.5 Gyr old at z ∼ 1–2. Prospects for the discovery of further clusters of dusty galaxies are discussed, using not only all sky Planck surveys, but also deeper, smaller area, Herschel surveys.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://mnras.oxfordjournals.org/content/439/2/1193PublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt2253DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Clements, D. L.0000-0002-9548-5033
Bock, J. J.0000-0002-5710-5212
Cooray, A.0000-0002-3892-0190
Farrah, D.0000-0003-1748-2010
Oliver, S. J.0000-0001-7862-1032
Vaccari, M.0000-0002-6748-0577
Wardlow, J.0000-0003-2376-8971
Zemcov, M.0000-0001-8253-1451
de Zotti, G.0000-0003-2868-2595
Additional Information:© 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2013 November 19. Received 2013 November 19; in original form 2013 November 13. First published online: February 11, 2014. Based in part on observations with Herschel, an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. Based in part on observations obtained with Planck (http://www.esa.int/Planck), an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States, NASA & Canada. SPIRE has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by Cardiff Univ. (UK) and including: Univ. Lethbridge (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, LAM (France); IFSI, Univ. Padua (Italy); IAC (Spain); Stockholm Observatory (Sweden); Imperial College London, RAL, UCL-MSSL, UKATC, Univ. Sussex (UK); and Caltech, JPL, NHSC, Univ. Colorado (USA). This development has been supported by national funding agencies: CSA (Canada); NAOC (China); CEA, CNES, CNRS (France); ASI (Italy); MCINN (Spain); SNSB (Sweden); STFC, UKSA (UK); and NASA (USA). The development of Planck has been supported by ESA; CNES and CNRS/INSU-IN2P3-INP (France); ASI, CNR and INAF (Italy); NASA and DoE (USA); STFC and UKSA (UK); CSIC, MICINN and JA (Spain); Tekes, AoF and CSC (Finland); DLR and MPG (Germany); CSA (Canada); DTU Space (Denmark); SER/SSO (Switzerland); RCN (Norway); SFI (Ireland); FCT/MCTES (Portugal). The development of Planck has been supported by ESA; CNES and CNRS/INSU-IN2P3-INP (France); ASI, CNR and INAF (Italy); NASA and DoE (USA); STFC and UKSA (UK); CSIC, MICINN and JA (Spain); Tekes, AoF and CSC (Finland); DLR and MPG (Germany); CSA (Canada); DTU Space (Denmark); SER/SSO (Switzerland); RCN(Norway); SFI (Ireland); FCT/MCTES (Portugal); and PRACE (EU). The data presented in this paper will be released through the Herschel Database in Marseille HeDaM (hedam.oamp.fr/HerMES). The authors would like to thank Mattia Negrello for the provision of Fig. 14. This work is funded in part by the UK STFC and UKSA. SJO, LW and AS acknowledge support from the Science and Technology Facilities Council [grant number ST/I000976/1], GdZ acknowledges financial support by ASI/INAF agreement I/072/09/0. Lucia Marchetti, and Mattia Vaccari were supported by the Italian Space Agency (ASI Herschel Science Contract I/005/07/0).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)UNSPECIFIED
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC)UNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCINN)UNSPECIFIED
Swedish National Space Board (SNSB)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA)UNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
European Space Agency (ESA)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU)UNSPECIFIED
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA)UNSPECIFIED
CSIC (Spain)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MICINN)UNSPECIFIED
JA (Spain)UNSPECIFIED
Tekes (Finland)UNSPECIFIED
AoF (Finland)UNSPECIFIED
CSC (Finland)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)UNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-GesellschaftUNSPECIFIED
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)UNSPECIFIED
DTU Space (Denmark)UNSPECIFIED
SER/SSO (Switzerland)UNSPECIFIED
Research Council of NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Science Foundation, IrelandUNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
PRACE (EU)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/I000976/1
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)I/072/09/0
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)I/005/07/0
Subject Keywords: galaxies: high redshift galaxies: starburst submillimetre: galaxies
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140530-091456467
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140530-091456467
Official Citation:D. L. Clements, F. G. Braglia, A. K. Hyde, I. Pérez-Fournon, J. Bock, A. Cava, S. Chapman, A. Conley, A. Cooray, D. Farrah, E. A. González Solares, L. Marchetti, G. Marsden, S. J. Oliver, I. G. Roseboom, B. Schulz, A. J. Smith, M. Vaccari, J. Vieira, M. Viero, L. Wang, J. Wardlow, M. Zemcov, and G. de Zotti Herschel Multitiered Extragalactic Survey: clusters of dusty galaxies uncovered by Herschel and Planck MNRAS (April 01, 2014) Vol. 439 1193-1211 first published online February 11, 2014 doi:10.1093/mnras/stt2253
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:45992
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:30 May 2014 16:55
Last Modified:11 Jul 2019 23:04

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