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Configurations of polypeptide chains with equivalent cis amide group

Pauling, Linus and Corey, Robert B. (1952) Configurations of polypeptide chains with equivalent cis amide group. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 38 (2). pp. 86-93. ISSN 0027-8424. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:PAUpnas52b

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Abstract

In recent papers [1-3] we have pointed out that stable configurations of polypeptide chains must show the bond distances and bond angles found in simple peptides and related simple substances, that each amide group must be planar, with either the cis-configuration or the trans-configuration about the C'-N bond, and that the carbonyl and imino groups (except for proline or hydroxyproline residues) must be involved in the formation of hydrogen bonds, with N-H•••O distance approximately 2.8 Å, and with the oxygen atom nearly on the N-H axis. We have also presented evidence indicating that certain configurations around the two single bonds from the amide groups to the a carbon atom are energetically favored, and have discussed the 36 polypeptide-chain structures involving equivalent trans-amide groups with one or another of six favored azimuthal orientations about the N-C single bond and also one of six favored orientations about the C-C' single bond. [4] In the present paper we discuss the 36 configurations of equivalent cis-amide groups corresponding to these favored orientations, and also a few other configurations of cis-amide groups.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1952 by the National Academy of Sciences Communicated November 29, 1951 This investigation was aided by grants from The Rockefeller Foundation, The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, and The National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service. Contribution No. 1646 from the Gates and Crellin Laboratories of Chemistry, Californmia Institute of Technology, Pasadena
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:PAUpnas52b
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:PAUpnas52b
Alternative URL:http://www.pnas.org/content/vol38/issue2/
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ID Code:4602
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
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Deposited On:30 Aug 2006
Last Modified:14 Nov 2014 19:19

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