A Caltech Library Service

Electronic modulation of infrared radiation in graphene plasmonic resonators

Brar, Victor W. and Sherrott, Michelle C. and Jang, Min Seok and Kim, Seyoon and Kim, Laura and Choi, Mansoo and Sweatlock, Luke A. and Atwater, Harry A. (2015) Electronic modulation of infrared radiation in graphene plasmonic resonators. Nature Communications, 6 (5). Art. No. 7032. ISSN 2041-1723. doi:10.1038/ncomms8032.

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.

[img] PDF (Supplementary Figures 1-6, Supplementary Notes 1-4 and Supplementary References) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


All matter at finite temperatures emits electromagnetic radiation due to the thermally induced motion of particles and quasiparticles. Dynamic control of this radiation could enable the design of novel infrared sources; however, the spectral characteristics of the radiated power are dictated by the electromagnetic energy density and emissivity, which are ordinarily fixed properties of the material and temperature. Here we experimentally demonstrate tunable electronic control of blackbody emission from graphene plasmonic resonators on a silicon nitride substrate. It is shown that the graphene resonators produce antenna-coupled blackbody radiation, which manifests as narrow spectral emission peaks in the mid-infrared. By continuously varying the nanoresonator carrier density, the frequency and intensity of these spectral features can be modulated via an electrostatic gate. This work opens the door for future devices that may control blackbody radiation at timescales beyond the limits of conventional thermo-optic modulation.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access Paper
Sherrott, Michelle C.0000-0002-7503-9714
Jang, Min Seok0000-0002-5683-1925
Kim, Seyoon0000-0002-8040-9521
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Alternate Title:Electronic modulation of infrared emissivity in graphene plasmonic resonators
Additional Information:© 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Received 14 August 2014; Accepted 26 March 2015; Published 07 May 2015. The experimental design, fabrication and characterization of tunable emission structures was supported by the ‘Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion’ Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DE-SC0001293. M.S.J. and M.C. acknowledge support for modelling and simulation from the Global Frontier R&D Program on Center for Multiscale Energy Systems funded by the National Research Foundation under the Ministry of Science, ITC & Future Planning, Korea (2011-0031561, 2014M3A6A7060584). M.C.S. acknowledges support from a Resnick Institute Graduate Fellowship. M.S.J. acknowledges a post-doctoral fellowship from the POSCO TJ Park Foundation. V.W.B. acknowledges support from a Kavli Nanoscience Postdoctoral Fellowship and use of facilities of the Kavli Nanoscience Institute. Contributions: V.W.B., M.C.S.., M.S.J., L.A.S. and H.A.A. conceived the experiment, V.W.B and S.K. fabricated the sample, and V.W.B.and L.A.S. performed measurements and data analysis. M.C.S. performed and analysed FEM simulations. V.W.B. M.C.S., M.S.J. and H.A.A. wrote the paper based on discussions with M.C.
Group:Resnick Sustainability Institute, Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0001293
National Research Foundation of Korea2011-0031561
National Research Foundation of Korea2014M3A6A7060584
Resnick Sustainability InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Kavli Nanoscience InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140603-115311871
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:46049
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:03 Jun 2014 20:58
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 17:20

Repository Staff Only: item control page