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Secondary Organic Aerosol Composition from C_(12) Alkanes

Schilling Fahnestock, Katherine A. and Yee, Lindsay D. and Loza, Christine L. and Coggon, Matthew M. and Schwantes, Rebecca and Zhang, Xuan and Dalleska, Nathan F. and Seinfeld, John H. (2015) Secondary Organic Aerosol Composition from C_(12) Alkanes. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 119 (19). pp. 4281-4297. ISSN 1089-5639. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140604-095405433

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Abstract

The effects of structure, NO_x conditions, relative humidity, and aerosol acidity on the chemical composition of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) are reported for the photooxidation of three C_(12) alkanes: n-dodecane, cyclododecane, and hexylcyclohexane. Acidity was modified through seed particle composition: NaCl, (NH_4)_2SO_4, and (NH_4)_2SO_4 + H_2SO_4. Off-line analysis of SOA was carried out by solvent extraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and direct analysis in real-time mass spectrometry. We report here 750 individual masses of SOA products identified from these three alkane systems and 324 isomers resolved by GC/MS analysis. The chemical compositions for each alkane system provide compelling evidence of particle-phase chemistry, including reactions leading to oligomer formation. Major oligomeric species for alkane SOA are peroxyhemiacetals, hemiacetals, esters, and aldol condensation products. Furans, dihydrofurans, hydroxycarbonyls, and their corresponding imine analogues are important participants in these oligomer-producing reactions. Imines are formed in the particle phase from the reaction of the ammonium sulfate seed aerosol with carbonyl-bearing compounds present in all the SOA systems. Under high-NO conditions, organonitrate products can lead to an increase of aerosol volume concentration by up to a factor of 5 over that in low-NO conditions. Structure was found to play a key role in determining the degree of functionalization and fragmentation of the parent alkane, influencing the mean molecular weight of the SOA produced and the mean atomic O:C ratio.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp501779wPublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp501779wDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jp501779wRelated ItemSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Coggon, Matthew M.0000-0002-5763-1925
Schwantes, Rebecca0000-0002-7095-3718
Dalleska, Nathan F.0000-0002-2059-1587
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Alternate Title:Secondary Organic Aerosol Composition from C12 Alkanes
Additional Information:© 2014 American Chemical Society. Received: February 19, 2014; Revised: May 8, 2014; Published: May 9, 2014. The authors thank Mark S. Andersen of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Kathleen T. Upton and Jesse L. Beauchamp of the California Institute of Technology for experimental assistance with DART-MS. This research was funded by U.S. Department of Energy Grant DE-SC 0006626 and National Science Foundation Grant AGS-1057183. K.A.S.F. acknowledges support from a Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for Transformation Fellowship.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0006626
NSFAGS-1057183
Department of Defense Science Mathematics, and Research for Transformation FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140604-095405433
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140604-095405433
Official Citation:Secondary Organic Aerosol Composition from C12 Alkanes Katherine A. Schilling Fahnestock, Lindsay D. Yee, Christine L. Loza, Matthew M. Coggon, Rebecca Schwantes, Xuan Zhang, Nathan F. Dalleska, and John H. Seinfeld The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2015 119 (19), 4281-4297 DOI: 10.1021/jp501779w
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:46070
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:04 Jun 2014 22:20
Last Modified:02 May 2017 23:06

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