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Evidence for Gravitational Lensing of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization from Cross-Correlation with the Cosmic Infrared Background

Ade, P. A. R. and Borys, C. (2014) Evidence for Gravitational Lensing of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization from Cross-Correlation with the Cosmic Infrared Background. Physical Review Letters, 112 (13). Art. No. 131302. ISSN 0031-9007. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140609-141903014

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Abstract

We reconstruct the gravitational lensing convergence signal from cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization data taken by the Polarbear experiment and cross-correlate it with cosmic infrared background maps from the Herschel satellite. From the cross spectra, we obtain evidence for gravitational lensing of the CMB polarization at a statistical significance of 4.0σ and indication of the presence of a lensing B-mode signal at a significance of 2.3σ. We demonstrate that our results are not biased by instrumental and astrophysical systematic errors by performing null tests, checks with simulated and real data, and analytical calculations. This measurement of polarization lensing, made via the robust cross-correlation channel, not only reinforces POLARBEAR auto-correlation measurements, but also represents one of the early steps towards establishing CMB polarization lensing as a powerful new probe of cosmology and astrophysics.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.6645arXivDiscussion Paper
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.131302 DOIArticle
http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.131302PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2014 American Physical Society. Received 26 December 2013; revised manuscript received 13 February 2014; published 2 April 2014. We thank Frank Wuerthwein, Igor Sfiligoi, Terrence Martin, and Robert Konecny for their insight and support, and thank Nolberto Oyarce and José Cortes for their invaluable contributions. Calculations were performed at the Department of Energy Open Science Grid [39] at the University of California, San Diego, accessed via the GlideinWMS [40], at Central Computing System, owned and operated by the Computing Research Center at KEK, and at NERSC which is supported by the DOE under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. The POLARBEAR project is funded by the NSF under Grants No. AST-0618398 and No. AST-1212230. The KEK authors were supported by MEXT KAKENHI Grant No. 21111002, and acknowledge support from KEK Cryogenics Science Center. The McGill authors acknowledge funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. N. M., B. D. S., and K. A. acknowledge support from the NASA Postdoctoral Program, a Miller Fellowship, and the Simons Foundation, respectively. M. S. gratefully acknowledges support from Joan and Irwin Jacobs. The James Ax Observatory operates in the Parque Astronómico Atacama in Northern Chile under the auspices of the Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica de Chile (CONICYT). Finally, we acknowledge the tremendous contributions by Huan Tran to the POLARBEAR project.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
NSFAST-0618398
NSFAST-1212230
MEXT KAKENHI21111002
KEK Cryogenics Science CenterUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIAR)UNSPECIFIED
NASA Postdoctoral ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Miller FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Simons FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Joan and Irwin JacobsUNSPECIFIED
Classification Code:PACS: 98.62.Sb, 98.70.Vc
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140609-141903014
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140609-141903014
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:46159
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:09 Jun 2014 21:33
Last Modified:09 Jun 2014 21:33

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