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Essais en centrifugeuse et technique de la modélisation

Scott, R. F. (1989) Essais en centrifugeuse et technique de la modélisation. Revue française de géotechnique (48). pp. 15-34. ISSN 0181-0529. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140611-132033693

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Abstract

This paper first makes a review of the different full-scale geotechnical tests that can be or have been carried out in order to examine which of them are appropriate for centrifuge experiments. Then the discussion is centered on scaling relations and requirements for similarity of model and prototype behaviour. From postulates based on the Camclay rheological model, a method is proposed by which 1 g reduced scale model tests may represent properly the behaviour of prototype problems.


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http://www.geotech-fr.org/sites/default/files/revue/RFG_1989_N%B048.pdfPublisherIssue
Alternate Title:Centrifuge and modeling technology: a survey
Additional Information:1. BARTON Y.O., PANDE G.N. (1982) , Late rally loaded piles in sand: centrifuge tests and finite e leme nt analyses. In Numerical Models in Geomechanics, R. Dungar, G.N. Pande an J .A. Studer, Eds, 749-758. 2 . BEEN K., JEFFERIES M.G. (1986) , «A state parameter for sands». Geotechnique, 35, (2), 99-112, 1985. Discussion, Geotechnique, 36 (1) , 123- 132. 3. CHAN S.F., HANNA T.H . (1980), «Re peated loading on single piles in sand». Proc. ASCE, 106, Jour. Geotechn. Eng. Div . (GT2) , 171-188. 4 . COX W.R., REESE L.C., GRUBBS B.R. (1974) , «Field testing of late rally loaded piles in sand». Proc. 6th Annual Offsh. Tech. Conf. , Paper n° OTC 2079, Houston , TX, May 1974. 5 . DARVE P. , LABANIEH S . (1982) , «<ncremental constitutive law for sands and clays: simulations of monotonic and cyclic tests». Int. J . for Num. and Anal. Meth . in Geomechanics, 6 , 243-275. 6 . FUGLSANG L.D. , KREBS OVESEN N. (1988) , «The application of the theory of modelling to centrifuge studies». In Centrifuges in Soil Mechanics, W.H. Craig, R.G. James, and A.N. Schofield , Eds., 119-138, Balkema, Rotterdam . 7. HAKUNO M., IWASAKI T., TATSUOKA F. (1977), «Effects of soils liquefaction on dynamic be havior of pile foundations ». Proc. Specialty Session 10, 9th Int. Conf. Soil Mech . and Found. Eng., Tokyo, 165-174. 8. HETTLER A. , VARDOULAKIS I. (1984) , «Be havior of dry sand tested in a large triaxial apparatus». Geotechnique, 34 (2) , 183-198. 9. HETTLER A., GUDEHUS G. (1985) , «A pressure- depe ndent correction for displacement results fro m 1 g model tests with sand». Geotechnique, 35, (4) , 497-510. 10. LADE P . (1977) , «Eiasto-plastic stress-strain theory for cohesion/ess soil with curved yield surfaces ». Int. J . Solids and Structures, 13 (11) , 1019-1035. 11. LEE K.L. , SEED H.B., DUNLOP P. (1967), «Effect of moisture on the strength of a clean sand». Proc. ASCE, 93, J. Soil Mech . and Fo und. Div. (SM6), 17-40, November 1967. 12. MIKASA M., TAKADA N. (1973), «Significance of centrifugal mode l test in soils mechanics». Proc. 8th Int. Conf. on Soil Mech . and Found. Eng. 1.2, 273-278. 13. OVESEN N.K. (1981) , «Centrifuge tests of the uplift capacity of anchors». Proc. lOth Int. Conf. Soil Mech . and Fo und. Eng., Paper 4-40, 717-722, Stockholm . 14. POULOS H.G. (1982) , «Influence of cyclic loading on axial pile response». Unive rsity of Sydney, School of Civil and Mining Engineering Research Report n° R413, May 1982. 15. ROSCOE K.H. , BURLAND J.B. (1968), «On the generalized stress-strain behavior of wet clay». In Engineering Plasticity, J. Heyman and F. Leckie, Eds., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, u .K. , 535-609. 16. ROSCOE K.H., POOROOSHASB H .B. (1963) , «A fundamental principle of similarity in model tests for earth pressure problems». Proc. 2nd Asian Con f. Soil Mech., 1, 134-140. 17. ROWE R.K., DAVIS E.H . (1982), «The behavior REVUE FRAN<;AISE DE GEOTECHNIQUE of anchor plates in clay"· Geotechnique, 32 (1) , 9-23. 18. ROWE R.K. , DAVIS E.H. (1982) , «The behavior of anchor plates in sand" · Geotechnique, 32 (1) , 25-41. 19. SCHOFIELD A.N., WROTH C.P. (1968) , «Critical state soils mechanics». McGraw-Hill, NY. 20. SCOTT R.F. (1977) , «Centrifuge studies of cyclic lateral load-displacement behavior of single piles ». Final report for Amer. Pet. Institute OSAPR Project 8, Calif. lnst. Techn . Pasadena, CA.
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