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CLASH: Extending Galaxy Strong Lensing to Small Physical Scales with Distant Sources Highly Magnified by Galaxy Cluster Members

Grillo, C. and Zitrin, A. (2014) CLASH: Extending Galaxy Strong Lensing to Small Physical Scales with Distant Sources Highly Magnified by Galaxy Cluster Members. Astrophysical Journal, 786 (1). Art. No. 11. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/786/1/11.

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We present a complex strong lensing system in which a double source is imaged five times by two early-type galaxies. We take advantage in this target of the extraordinary multi-band photometric data set obtained as part of the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH) program, complemented by the spectroscopic measurements of the VLT/VIMOS and FORS2 follow-up campaign. We use a photometric redshift value of 3.7 for the source and confirm spectroscopically the membership of the two lenses to the galaxy cluster MACS J1206.2–0847 at redshift 0.44. We exploit the excellent angular resolution of the HST/ACS images to model the two lenses in terms of singular isothermal sphere profiles and derive robust effective velocity dispersion values of 97 ± 3 and 240 ± 6 km s^(–1). Interestingly, the total mass distribution of the cluster is also well characterized by using only the local information contained in this lensing system, which is located at a projected distance of more than 300 kpc from the cluster luminosity center. According to our best-fitting lensing and composite stellar population models, the source is magnified by a total factor of 50 and has a luminous mass of approximately (1.0 ± 0.5) × 10^9 M☉ (assuming a Salpeter stellar initial mass function). By combining the total and luminous mass estimates of the two lenses, we measure luminous over total mass fractions projected within the effective radii of 0.51 ± 0.21 and 0.80 ± 0.32. Remarkably, with these lenses we can extend the analysis of the mass properties of lens early-type galaxies by factors that are approximately two and three times smaller than previously done with regard to, respectively, velocity dispersion and luminous mass. The comparison of the total and luminous quantities of our lenses with those of astrophysical objects with different physical scales, like massive early-type galaxies and dwarf spheroidals, reveals the potential of studies of this kind for improving our knowledge about the internal structure of galaxies. These studies, made possible thanks to the CLASH survey, will allow us to go beyond the current limits posed by the available lens samples in the field.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper DOIArticle
Zitrin, A.0000-0002-0350-4488
Additional Information:© 2014 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2013 September 25; accepted 2014 February 18; published 2014 April 10. This work is based on data collected at NASA HST and at ESO VLT (Program ID 186.A-0798 and 089.A-0879). The CLASH Multi-Cycle Treasury Program is based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. The Space Telescope Science Institute is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. ACS was developed under NASA Contract NAS 5-32864. This research is supported in part by NASA grant HST-GO-12065.01-A. We thank ESO for the continuous support of the Large Programme 186.A-0798. The Dark Cosmology Centre is funded by the DNRF. We acknowledge partial support by the DFG Cluster of Excellence Origin Structure of the Universe. V.P. acknowledges the grant PRIN INAF 2010 and “Cofinanziamento di Ateneo 2010.” The work of L.A.M. was carried out at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with NASA. Support for A.Z. is provided by NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant HST-HF-51334.01-A awarded by STScI. Part of this work was also supported by contract research “Internationale Spitzenforschung II/2-6” of the Baden Württemberg Stiftung.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 5-26555
NASANAS 5-32864
Danish National Research FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)UNSPECIFIED
Cofinanziamento di Ateneo 2010UNSPECIFIED
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF-51334.01-A
Baden Württemberg Stiftung Internationale SpitzenforschungII/2-6
Subject Keywords:dark matter; galaxies: clusters: individual (MACS J1206.2-0847); galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: stellar content; galaxies: structure; gravitational lensing: strong
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140617-100400868
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Official Citation:CLASH: Extending Galaxy Strong Lensing to Small Physical Scales with Distant Sources Highly Magnified by Galaxy Cluster Members C. Grillo et al. 2014 ApJ 786 11
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:46304
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:17 Jun 2014 17:46
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 17:23

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