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Information integration without awareness

Mudrik, Liad and Faivre, Nathan and Koch, Christof (2014) Information integration without awareness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18 (9). pp. 488-496. ISSN 1364-6613. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2014.04.009.

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Information integration and consciousness are closely related, if not interdependent. But, what exactly is the nature of their relation? Which forms of integration require consciousness? Here, we examine the recent experimental literature with respect to perceptual and cognitive integration of spatiotemporal, multisensory, semantic, and novel information. We suggest that, whereas some integrative processes can occur without awareness, their scope is limited to smaller integration windows, to simpler associations, or to ones that were previously acquired consciously. This challenges previous claims that consciousness of some content is necessary for its integration; yet it also suggests that consciousness holds an enabling role in establishing integrative mechanisms that can later operate unconsciously, and in allowing wider-range integration, over bigger semantic, spatiotemporal, and sensory integration windows.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Mudrik, Liad0000-0003-3564-6445
Faivre, Nathan0000-0001-6011-4921
Koch, Christof0000-0001-6482-8067
Additional Information:© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. This work was supported by G. Harold & Leila Y. Mathers Charitable Foundation, the Human Frontier Science Program, the Weizmann Institute of Science – National Postdoctoral Award Program for Advancing Women in Science and the Fyssen Foundation. We thank Giulio Tononi, Nao Tsuchiya, Leon Deouell, Julien Dubois and the reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.
Group:Koch Laboratory (KLAB)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Charitable FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Human Frontier Science ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Weizmann Institute of ScienceUNSPECIFIED
National Postdoctoral Award Program for Advancing Women in ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Fyssen FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:consciousness; integration; unconscious processing; multisensory integration; integration windows; global neural workspace; integrated information theory
Issue or Number:9
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140623-150648849
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Liad Mudrik, Nathan Faivre, Christof Koch, Information integration without awareness, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Volume 18, Issue 9, September 2014, Pages 488-496, ISSN 1364-6613, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:46449
Deposited On:23 Jun 2014 22:29
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 17:25

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