A Caltech Library Service

The NINJA-2 project: detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations

Aasi, J. and Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abernathy, M. R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Anderson, R. and Anderson, S. B. and Arai, K. and Araya, M. C. and Austin, L. and Barayoga, J. C. and Barish, B. C. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, J. K. and Bork, R. and Brooks, A. F. and Cepeda, C. and Chakraborty, R. and Chalermsongsak, T. and Coyne, D. C. and Dergachev, V. and Drever, R. W. P. and Driggers, J. C. and Ehrens, P. and Etzel, T. and Gushwa, K. and Gustafson, E. K. and Harms, J. and Heptonstall, A. W. and Hodge, K. A. and Ivanov, A. and Jacobson, M. and James, E. and Kalmus, P. and Kanner, J. B. and Kells, W. and King, P. J. and Kondrashov, V. and Korth, W. Z. and Kozak, D. B. and Lazzarini, A. and Lewis, J. and Li, T. G. F. and Libbrecht, K. and Litvine, V. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Maros, E. and Martynov, D. and Marx, J. N. and McIntyre, G. and Meshkov, S. and Osthelder, C. and Pedraza, M. and Phelps, M. and Price, L. R. and Privitera, S. and Quintero, E. and Raymond, V. and Reitze, D. H. and Robertson, N. A. and Rollins, J. G. and Sannibale, V. and Singer, A. and Singer, L. and Smith, M. and Smith, R. J. E. and Smith-Lefebvre, N. D. and Taylor, R. and Thirugnanasambandam, M. P. and Thrane, E. and Torrie, C. I. and Vass, S. and Wallace, L. and Weinstein, A. J. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Williams, R. and Yamamoto, H. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. and Santamaría, L. and Sperhake, U. and Chen, Y. and Gossan, S. and Miao, H. and Moesta, P. and Thorne, K. S. and Vallisneri, M. and Yang, H. and Buchman, L. T. and Reisswig, C. and Scheel, M. A. and Szilágyi, B. and Taylor, N. W. (2014) The NINJA-2 project: detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 31 (11). Art. No. 115004. ISSN 0264-9381. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/31/11/115004.

PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10M_⊙ + 10M_⊙ (50M_⊙ + 50M_⊙) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ~15% for 50M_⊙ + 50M_⊙ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Arai, K.0000-0001-8916-8915
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Blackburn, J. K.0000-0002-3838-2986
Brooks, A. F.0000-0003-4295-792X
Coyne, D. C.0000-0002-6427-3222
Harms, J.0000-0002-7332-9806
Kanner, J. B.0000-0001-8115-0577
Korth, W. Z.0000-0003-3527-1348
Kozak, D. B.0000-0003-3118-8950
Libbrecht, K.0000-0002-8744-3298
Smith, M.0000-0002-3321-1432
Thrane, E.0000-0002-4418-3895
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Williams, R.0000-0002-9145-8580
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Sperhake, U.0000-0002-3134-7088
Chen, Y.0000-0002-9730-9463
Miao, H.0000-0003-2879-5821
Moesta, P.0000-0002-9371-1447
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Additional Information:© 2014 Institute of Physics. Received 14 January 2014, revised 27 March 2014. Accepted for publication 11 April 2014. Published 20 May 2014. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the International Science Linkages program of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, the Conselleria d’Economia Hisenda i Innovaciό of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish Science, the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, OTKA of Hungary, the Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO), the National Research Foundation of Korea, Industry Canada and the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, the National Science and Engineering Research Council Canada, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P Sloan Foundation. We gratefully acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation under NSF grants PHY-1305730, PHY-1212426, PHY-1229173, AST-1028087, DRL-1136221, OCI-0832606, PHY-0903782, PHY-0929114, PHY-0969855, AST-1002667, PHY-0963136, PHY-1300903, PHY-1305387, PHY-1204334, PHY-0855315, PHY-0969111, PHY-1005426, PHY-0601459, PHY-1068881, PHY-1005655, PHY-0653443, PHY-0855892, PHY-0914553, PHY-0941417, PHY-0903973, PHY-0955825, by NASA grants 07-ATFP07-0158, NNX11AE11G, NNX13AH44G, NNX09AF96G, NNX09AF97G, by Marie Curie Grants of the 7th European Community Framework Programme FP7-PEOPLE-2011-CIG CBHEO No. 293412, by the DyBHo-256667 ERC Starting Grant, and MIRG-CT-2007-205005/PHY, and Science and Technology Facilities Council grants ST/H008438/1 and ST/I001085/1. Further funding was provided by the Sherman Fairchild Foundation, NSERC of Canada, the Canada Research Chairs Program, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, the Ramόn y Cajal Programme of the Ministry of Education and Science of Spain, contracts AYA2010-15709, CSD2007-00042, CSD2009-00064 and FPA2010-16495 of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, the German Research Foundation, grant SFB/Transregio 7, the German Aerospace Center for LISA Germany, and the Grand-in-Aid for Scientific Research (24103006). Computations were carried out on Teragrid machines Lonestar, Ranger, Trestles and Kraken under Teragrid allocations TG-PHY060027N, TG-MCA99S008, TG-PHY090095, TG-PHY100051, TG-PHY990007N, TG-PHY090003, TG-MCA08X009. Computations were also performed on the clusters “HLRB-2’ at LRZ Munich, ‘NewHorizons’ and ‘Blue Sky’ at RIT (funded by NSF grant nos PHY-1229173, AST-1028087, DMS-0820923 and PHY-0722703), ‘Zwicky’ at Caltech (funded by NSF MRI award PHY-0960291), ‘Finis Terrae’ (funded by CESGA-ICTS-2010-200), ‘Caesaraugusta’ (funded by BSC grant nos AECT-2011-2-0006, AECT-2011-3-0007), ‘MareNostrum’ (funded by BSC grant nos. AECT-2009-2-0017, AECT-2010-1-0008, AECT-2010-2-0013, AECT-2010-3-0010, AECT-2011-1-0015, AECT-2011-2-0012), ‘VSC’ in Vienna (funded by FWF grant P22498), ‘Force’ at GaTech, and on the GPC supercomputer at the SciNet HPC Consortium [150]; SciNet is funded by: the Canada Foundation for Innovation under the auspices of Compute Canada; the Government of Ontario; Ontario Research Fund—Research Excellence; and the University of Toronto.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Commonwealth of Australia International Science Linkages ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’Economia Hisenda i Innovaciό of the Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA)UNSPECIFIED
Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie Fellowship293412
European Research Council (ERC)DyBHo–256667
Marie Curie FellowshipMIRG-CT-2007-205005/PHY
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/H008438/1
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/I001085/1
Sherman Fairchild FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Canada Research Chairs ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)AYA2010-15709
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)CSD2007-00042
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)CSD2009-00064
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2010-16495
Ramόn y Cajal ProgrammeUNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)SFB/Transregio 7
German Aerospace Center for LISAUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)24103006
Fundación Pública Galega Centro Tecnolóxico de Supercomputación de Galicia (CESGA)CESGA-ICTS-2010-200
FWF Der WissenschaftsfondsP22498
Canada Foundation for InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Ontario Research Fund—Research ExcellenceUNSPECIFIED
University of TorontoUNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Industry CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Ontario Ministry of Research and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:numerical relativity, gravitational-wave astronomy, binary black holes, NINJA, LIGO, Virgo
Issue or Number:11
Classification Code:PACS: 04.25.Nx, 04.80.Nn, 04.70.-s, 97.60.Lf, 07.60.Ly, 04.25.D-,95.55.Ym, 04.30.Nk. MSC: 83C35, 83C57
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140626-115501423
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The NINJA-2 project: detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations J Aasi et al 2014 Class. Quantum Grav. 31 115004
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:46530
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:26 Jun 2014 22:06
Last Modified:12 Jul 2022 19:44

Repository Staff Only: item control page