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Mass spectrometer calibration of Cosmic Dust Analyzer

Jyoti, G. and Gupta, Satish C. and Ahrens, T. J. and Kossakovski, Dmitri and Beauchamp, J. L. (2000) Mass spectrometer calibration of Cosmic Dust Analyzer. In: Shock compression of condensed matter--1999 : proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter held at Snowbird, Utah, June 27-July 2, 1999. AIP Conference Proceedings. No.505. American Institute of Physics , Melville, NY, pp. 967-970. ISBN 1-56396-923-8.

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The time of flight mass spectrometer of the Cosmic Dust Analyzer (CDA) instrument aboard the Cassini spacecraft, is expected to be placed in orbit about Saturn to sample the ring material and satellite impact ejecta. Upon impact of an incident dust particle against the target plate at velocities of 5-100 km/s, some 10–8 to 10–5 times the particle mass of positive valence, single-charged ions is induced. These are analyzed via a time-of-flight mass spectrometer. Initial experiments employing a pulsed N2 laser (>300 µJ/pulse, 4ns, 337nm) acting on a suite of samples are described. The laser beam is focussed to deliver the light pulses onto a laser power density (1011 W/cm2) to simulate the impact of particles. Laser ionization produced a charge of 4.6 pC per pulse for aluminum alloy. Estimating that each Al+1 ion require energy of 5.98 eV ionization energy/ion implies that 10–5% of the laser energy produced ions and the present system has a 5% efficiency of collecting the laser-irradiation induced ions. Employing a multi-channel plate detector in this mass spectrometer yields for Al-Mg-Cu alloy and kamacite (Fe-Ni mineral) targets well defined peaks at 24 (Mg+1), 27 (Al+1) and 64 (Cu+1), and 56 (Fe+1), 58 (Ni+1) and 60 (Ni+1) dalton, respectively.

Item Type:Book Section
Beauchamp, J. L.0000-0001-8839-4822
Additional Information:© 2000 American Institute of Physics. Research supported by NASA. Contribution number 8671 of Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, (Caltech)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:cosmic dust; astronomical instruments; mass spectrometers; impact (mechanical); laser beam effects; ionisation; calibration
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences8671
Series Name:AIP Conference Proceedings
Issue or Number:505
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:JYOaipcp00
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4687
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:03 Sep 2006
Last Modified:02 Oct 2019 23:15

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