A Caltech Library Service

Mixing in turbulent jets: scalar measures and isosurface geometry

Catrakis, Haris J. and Dimotakis, Paul E. (1995) Mixing in turbulent jets: scalar measures and isosurface geometry. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Experiments have been conducted to investigate mixing and the geometry of scalar isosurfaces in turbulent jets. Specifically, we have obtained high-resolution, high-signal-to-noise-ratio images of the jet-fluid concentration in the far field of round, liquid-phase, turbulent jets, in the Reynolds number range 4.5 × 10^3 ≤ Re ≤ 18 × 10^3, using laser-induced-fluorescence imaging techniques. Analysis of these data indicates that this Reynolds-number range spans a mixing transition in the far field of turbulent jets. This is manifested in the probability-density function of the scalar field, as well as in measures of the scalar isosurfaces. Classical as well as fractal measures of these isosurfaces have been computed, from small to large spatial scales, and are found to be functions of both scalar threshold and Reynolds number. The coverage of level sets of jet-fluid concentration in the two-dimensional images is found to possess a scale-dependent-fractal dimension that increases continuously with increasing scale, from near unity, at the smallest scales, to 2, at the largest scales. The geometry of the scalar isosurfaces is, therefore, more complex than power-law fractal, exhibiting an increasing complexity with increasing scale. This behaviour necessitates a scale-dependent generalization of power-law-fractal geometry. A connection between scale-dependent-fractal geometry and the distribution of scales is established and used to compute the distribution of spatial scales in the flow.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription ItemArticle published in Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 317 . pp. 369-406
Additional Information:This work was supported initially by AFOSR Grant 90-0304 and GRI Contract 5087-260-1467, and subsequently by AFOSR Grants F49620-92-J-0290 and F49620-941-0353. It is part of a larger effort to investigate turbulent mixing in free-shear flows. The informal collaboration with P. Miller, at various stages of these investigations, the discussions with C. Bond, as well as the contributions of D. Lang to the digital imaging in these experiments, are gratefully acknowledged.
Group:Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories (Fluid Mechanics), GALCIT
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)90-0304
GRI Contract5087-260-1467
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)F49620-92-J-0290
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)F49620-941-0353
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140707-154057040
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:46908
Deposited By: Katherine Johnson
Deposited On:07 Jul 2014 23:08
Last Modified:17 Nov 2021 17:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page