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Observation of the Associated Production of a Single Top Quark and a W Boson in pp Collisions at √s = 8  TeV

Chatrchyan, S. and Apresyan, A. and Bornheim, A. and Bunn, J. and Chen, Y. and Di Marco, E. and Duarte, J. and Kcira, D. and Mott, A. and Newman, H. B. and Pena, C. and Rogan, C. and Spiropulu, M. and Timciuc, V. and Wilkinson, R. and Xie, S. and Zhu, R. Y. and Dias, F. A. and Dubinin, M. (2014) Observation of the Associated Production of a Single Top Quark and a W Boson in pp Collisions at √s = 8  TeV. Physical Review Letters, 112 (23). Art. No. UNSP 231802. ISSN 0031-9007. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140714-142043226

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Abstract

The first observation of the associated production of a single top quark and a W boson is presented. The analysis is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 12.2  fb^(−1) of proton-proton collisions at √s=8  TeV recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. Events with two leptons and a jet originating from a b quark are selected. A multivariate analysis based on kinematic and topological properties is used to separate the signal from the dominant tt background. An excess consistent with the signal hypothesis is observed, with a significance which corresponds to 6.1 standard deviations above a background-only hypothesis. The measured production cross section is 23.4±5.4  pb , in agreement with the standard model prediction.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.231802DOIArticle
http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.231802PublisherArticle
http://journals.aps.org/prl/supplemental/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.231802/TOP-12-040_supp-jnl.pdfPublisherSupporting Information
http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.2942arXivDiscussion Paper
Additional Information:© 2014 CERN, for the CMS Collaboration. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Received 13 January 2014; published 9 June 2014. We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: BMWF and FWF (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN; CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES and CSF (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); MoER, Contract No. SF0690030s09, and ERDF (Estonia); Academy of Finland, MEC, and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG, and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); OTKA and NIH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); NRF and WCU (Republic of Korea); LAS (Lithuania); CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); MBIE (New Zealand); PAEC (Pakistan); MSHE and NSC (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Dubna); MON, RosAtom, RAS, and RFBR (Russia); MESTD (Serbia); SEIDI and CPAN (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); NSC (Taipei); ThEPCenter, IPST, STAR, and NSTDA (Thailand); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); NASU (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA).
Group:CMS@Caltech
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
BMWF and FWF (Austria)UNSPECIFIED
FNRS and FWO (Belgium) UNSPECIFIED
CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
MES (Bulgaria)UNSPECIFIED
CERNUNSPECIFIED
CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China)UNSPECIFIED
COLCIENCIAS (Colombia)UNSPECIFIED
MSES and CSF (Croatia)UNSPECIFIED
RPF (Cyprus) UNSPECIFIED
MoERSF0690030s09
ERDF (Estonia)UNSPECIFIED
Academy of Finland, MEC, and HIP (Finland)UNSPECIFIED
CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France)UNSPECIFIED
BMBF and HGF (Germany) UNSPECIFIED
GSRT (Greece)UNSPECIFIED
OTKA and NIH (Hungary) UNSPECIFIED
DAE and DST (India) UNSPECIFIED
IPM (Iran)UNSPECIFIED
SFI (Ireland)UNSPECIFIED
INFN (Italy)UNSPECIFIED
NRF and WCU (Republic of Korea)UNSPECIFIED
LAS (Lithuania)UNSPECIFIED
CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
MBIE (New Zealand)UNSPECIFIED
PAEC (Pakistan)UNSPECIFIED
MSHE and NSC (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
JINR (Dubna)UNSPECIFIED
MON, RosAtom, RAS, and RFBR (Russia)UNSPECIFIED
MESTD (Serbia)UNSPECIFIED
SEIDI and CPAN (Spain)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland)UNSPECIFIED
NSC (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
ThEPCenter, IPST, STAR, and NSTDA (Thailand)UNSPECIFIED
TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey) UNSPECIFIED
NASU (Ukraine)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140714-142043226
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140714-142043226
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:47186
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:15 Jul 2014 16:52
Last Modified:15 Dec 2014 17:53

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