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Effects of atmospheric light scattering on spectroscopic observations of greenhouse gases from space: Validation of PPDF-based CO_2 retrievals from GOSAT

Oshchepkov, Sergey and Wunch, Debra and Wennberg, Paul O. (2012) Effects of atmospheric light scattering on spectroscopic observations of greenhouse gases from space: Validation of PPDF-based CO_2 retrievals from GOSAT. Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres, 117 (D12). Art. No. D12305. ISSN 2169-897X. doi:10.1029/2012JD017505.

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This report describes a validation study of Greenhouse gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) data processing using ground-based measurements of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) as reference data for column-averaged dry air mole fractions of atmospheric carbon dioxide (X_(CO_2)). We applied the photon path length probability density function method to validate X_(CO_2) retrievals from GOSAT data obtained during 22 months starting from June 2009. This method permitted direct evaluation of optical path modifications due to atmospheric light scattering that would have a negligible impact on ground-based TCCON measurements but could significantly affect gas retrievals when observing reflected sunlight from space. Our results reveal effects of optical path lengthening over Northern Hemispheric stations, essentially from May–September of each year, and of optical path shortening for sun-glint observations in tropical regions. These effects are supported by seasonal trends in aerosol optical depth derived from an offline three-dimensional aerosol transport model and by cirrus optical depth derived from space-based measurements of the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) instrument. Removal of observations that were highly contaminated by aerosol and cloud from the GOSAT data set resulted in acceptable agreement in the seasonal variability of XCO2 over each station as compared with TCCON measurements. Statistical comparisons between GOSAT and TCCON coincident measurements of CO_2 column abundance show a correlation coefficient of 0.85, standard deviation of 1.80 ppm, and a sub-ppm negative bias of −0.43 ppm for all TCCON stations. Global distributions of monthly mean retrieved X_(CO_2) with a spatial resolution of 2.5° latitude × 2.5° longitude show agreement within ∼2.5 ppm with those predicted by the atmospheric tracer transport model.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Wunch, Debra0000-0002-4924-0377
Wennberg, Paul O.0000-0002-6126-3854
Alternate Title:Effects of atmospheric light scattering on spectroscopic observations of greenhouse gases from space: Validation of PPDF-based CO2 retrievals from GOSAT
Additional Information:© 2012 American Geophysical Union. Received 21 January 2012; Revised 2 April 2012; Accepted 13 May 2012; Published 23 June 2012. GOSAT is a joint effort of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), and the Ministry of the Environment (MOE), Japan. U.S. funding for TCCON is provided by NASA’s Terrestrial Ecology Program (grant NNX11AG01G), the Orbiting Carbon Observatory Program, the Atmospheric CO_2 Observations from Space (ACOS) Program, and the Department of Energy/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE/ARM) Program. The Darwin TCCON site was built at Caltech with funding from the OCO project, and is operated by the University of Wollongong, with travel funds for maintenance and equipment costs funded by the OCO-2 project. We acknowledge funding to support Darwin and Wollongong from the Australian Research Council, projects LE0668470, DP0879468, DP110103118 and LP0562346. Lauder TCCON measurements are funded by New Zealand Foundation of Research Science and Technology contracts C01X0204 and CO1X0406. We acknowledge financial support of the Białystok and Orléans TCCON sites from the Senate of Bremen and EU projects IMECC, GEOMON and InGOS as well as maintenance and logistical work provided by AeroMeteo Service (Białystok) and the RAMCES team at LSCE (Gif-sur-Yvette, France) and additional operational funding from the NIES GOSAT project. The Garmisch TCCON team acknowledges funding by the EC-INGOS project. We acknowledge the CALIOP mission for obtaining the cloud data. The JRA-25/JCDAS data sets used for atmospheric transport modeling were provided by the cooperative, long-term reanalysis project by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI). The authors thank Yasuhiro Sasano, Director of the Center for Global Environmental Research at the NIES, the members of the NIES GOSAT and NASA ACOS projects, and three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilLE0668470
Australian Research CouncilDP0879468
Australian Research CouncilDP110103118
Australian Research CouncilLP0562346
New Zealand Foundation of Research Science and TechnologyC01X0204
New Zealand Foundation for Research Science and TechnologyCO1X0406
Senate of BremenUNSPECIFIED
National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:D12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140717-090533782
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Official Citation:Oshchepkov, S., et al. (2012), Effects of atmospheric light scattering on spectroscopic observations of greenhouse gases from space: Validation of PPDF-based CO2 retrievals from GOSAT, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D12305, doi:10.1029/2012JD017505.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:47284
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:17 Jul 2014 18:55
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 17:37

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