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Evidence for radiation damage control on apatite He ages from the Grand Canyon region, Colorado Plateau

Flowers, R. M. and Shuster, D. L. and Farley, K. A. and Wernicke, B. P. (2006) Evidence for radiation damage control on apatite He ages from the Grand Canyon region, Colorado Plateau. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70 (18). A178. ISSN 0016-7037.

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Individual detrital apatites from three sedimentary units in the Grand Canyon region of the Colorado Plateau yield a span of (U-Th)/He dates that are positively correlated with radiogenic ^4He and effective U (eU) concentrations. All dates are younger than the depositional ages of the sandstone units, indicating partial to complete ^4He loss in the analyzed apatites following deposition. Recent refinements in our understanding of He diffusion based on laboratory experiments suggest that radiation damage impedes He mobility in apatite [1]. Forward models that incorporate the effect of evolving He diffusivities indicate that this behavior will be most strongly manifested by suites of apatites containing a range of eU concentrations that cooled and were partially reset. Detrital apatite grains from sedimentary units in the Grand Canyon region fit these criteria when 1) compositionally variable apatites were deposited, and 2) underwent burial heating, partial ^4He loss, and subsequent exhumation. Using geologically reasonable thermal histories, our simulations can reproduce our distributions of detrital apatite dates. The youngest dates are obtained for the lowest eU apatites that underwent the greatest ^4He loss during burial, and impose the strongest constraint on the exhumation timing. The results also predict that the correlations between age and ^4He and eU concentrations are sensitive to the thermal history, such that it may be possible to extract additional details regarding temperature-time paths from these relationships.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Website
Farley, K. A.0000-0002-7846-7546
Wernicke, B. P.0000-0002-7659-8358
Additional Information:© 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Issue or Number:18
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140721-082435010
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:47354
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Jul 2014 19:14
Last Modified:03 Mar 2020 13:01

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