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NuSTAR Observations of the Magnetar 1E 2259+586

Vogel, Julia K. and Hascoët, Romain and Kaspi, Victoria M. and An, Hongjun and Archibald, Robert and Beloborodov, Andrei M. and Boggs, Steven E. and Christensen, Finn E. and Craig, William W. and Gotthelf, Eric V. and Grefenstette, Brian W. and Hailey, Charles J. and Harrison, Fiona A. and Kennea, Jamie A. and Madsen, Kristin K. and Pivovaroff, Michael J. and Stern, Daniel and Zhang, William W. (2014) NuSTAR Observations of the Magnetar 1E 2259+586. Astrophysical Journal, 789 (1). Art. No. 75. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/789/1/75.

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We report on new broad band spectral and temporal observations of the magnetar 1E 2259+586, which is located in the supernova remnant CTB 109. Our data were obtained simultaneously with the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and Swift, and cover the energy range from 0.5-79 keV. We present pulse profiles in various energy bands and compare them to previous RXTE results. The NuSTAR data show pulsations above 20 keV for the first time and we report evidence that one of the pulses in the double-peaked pulse profile shifts position with energy. The pulsed fraction of the magnetar is shown to increase strongly with energy. Our spectral analysis reveals that the soft X-ray spectrum is well characterized by an absorbed double blackbody or blackbody plus power-law model in agreement with previous reports. Our new hard X-ray data, however, suggest that an additional component, such as a power law, is needed to describe the NuSTAR and Swift spectrum. We also fit the data with the recently developed coronal outflow model by Beloborodov for hard X-ray emission from magnetars. The outflow from a ring on the magnetar surface is statistically preferred over outflow from a polar cap.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Kaspi, Victoria M.0000-0001-9345-0307
Archibald, Robert0000-0002-4017-8837
Boggs, Steven E.0000-0001-9567-4224
Christensen, Finn E.0000-0001-5679-1946
Gotthelf, Eric V.0000-0003-3847-3957
Grefenstette, Brian W.0000-0002-1984-2932
Harrison, Fiona A.0000-0003-2992-8024
Kennea, Jamie A.0000-0002-6745-4790
Madsen, Kristin K.0000-0003-1252-4891
Stern, Daniel0000-0003-2686-9241
Zhang, William W.0000-0002-1426-9698
Additional Information:© 2014 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2014 February 24; Accepted 2014 May 19; Published 2014 June 17. Part of this work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344 with support from the LDRD program through grant 13-ERD-033. This work was supported under NASA Contract No. NNG08FD60C, and made use of data from the NuSTAR mission, a project led by the California Institute of Technology, managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. We thank the NuSTAR Operations, Software, and Calibration teams for support with the execution and analysis of these observations. This research has made use of the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software (NuSTARDAS) jointly developed by the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC, Italy) and the California Institute of Technology (USA). V.M.K. receives support from an NSERC Discovery Grant and Accelerator Supplement, from the Centre de Recherche en Astrophysique du Qu´ebec, an R. Howard Webster Foundation Fellowship from the Canadian Institute for Advanced Study, the Canada Research Chairs Program, and the Lorne Trottier Chair in Astrophysics and Cosmology. A.M.B. is supported by the NASA ATP grant NNX 13AI34G. This work made use of data supplied by the UK Swift Science Data Centre at the University of Leicester. We also thank Dr. A. M. Archibald for helpful discussions.
Group:NuSTAR, Space Radiation Laboratory
Subject Keywords:pulsars: individual (1E 2259+586); stars: magnetars; stars: neutron; X-rays: bursts
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Space Radiation Laboratory2014-47
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140724-114420483
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:NuSTAR Observations of the Magnetar 1E 2259+586 Julia K. Vogel et al. 2014 ApJ 789 75
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:47464
Deposited On:24 Jul 2014 19:45
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 17:40

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